The Heritage Lodge
No. 730, A.F.& A.M., G.R.C.
Instituted: September 21, 1977
Constituted: September 23, 1978
Vol. 13, 1989 -1990
Worshipful Master :
V.W. BRO. Donald B. Kaufman
R.W. BRO. Jacob (Jack) Pos
10 May field Avenue,
Guelph, Ont. N1G 2L8
Digitized by the Internet Archive
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Donald B. Kaufman, W.M. s$FPto± W. Gray Rivers, Sec.
441 Franklin St. North, fiy^$r\ 8 Kirb y Avenue
Kitchener, Ontario. ErfionnS Dundas, Ontario
N2A 1Z2 X£^g$ L9H 5K9
(519) 893-3526 ^G^$T (416) 627-4291
Dear Sirs and Brethren:
By order of the Worshipful Master, V.W.Bro. Donald B. Kaufman, you
are hereby summoned to attend the FIFTY-SEVENTH Regular Meeting of
the Heritage Lodge No. 730, G.R.C., to be held in the PRESTON-
HESPELER MASONIC TEMPLE, CAMBRIDGE, on
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21st, 1990, at 7.30 p.m.
for the purpose of transacting such business as may regularly be brought
before the Lodge, and especially to participate in the CEREMONY OF
INSTALLATION AND INVESTITURE of the Worshipful Master and his
Officers for the ensuing Masonic Year. The Master Elect, R.W.BRO.
WILFRED T. GREENHOUGH, and the Installing Master, R.W.BRO.
ROBERT S. THROOP, would like to see a large attendance of Members
Sincerely and fraternally, R.W.Bro. W. Gray Rivers,
TWO IMPORTANT NOTES:
1. The HIGHWAY INTERCHANGE at NO'S 401 & 24 has been
completely reconstructed, making the access to the Temple quite different
and confusing! Whether travelling on 401 from either Toronto or London
there is NOW ONLY ONE EXIT TO #24, with Traffic Lights for 24 North or
South. FURTHER, our usual direct access to the Lodge Building from 24
North has been PERMANENTLY CLOSED OFF, so you have to CIRCLE
THE BUILDING! Go PAST the Temple and TURN RIGHT at the FIRST
STOP LIGHT, then TURN RIGHT AGAIN at the NEXT STOP LIGHT, THEN
TURN RIGHT AGAIN on GROH AVE. (opposite the ZEHR'S MALL and
enter the parking lot from the East end) CONFUSING YES, BUT WE HOPE
YOU MAKE IT!
2. We will have our usual INFORMAL DINNER at KREBS RES-
TAURANT, at 6.00 p.m. SHARP, for any Officers, Installing Team members,
and any others, but with NOTHING LAID ON, and NO DESIGNATED
NUMBER. Just come if you wish for a time of Masonic Fellowship.
3. Favourable reports having been received on the applications for
Affiliation from the following brethren, a BALLOT will be taken for:
1 . Joseph Alexander Hannon, M.M.; 58 Forest St., Chatham; Born Sept.
25/53; Quality Control Inspector; Member of Parthenon Lodge No. 267;
Rec. by R.W.Bro. Gray Rivers and V.W.Bro. Stewart Rowntree.
2. Ross Jarvis McDonald, P.M.; 11 Princess St. W., Box 898, Fenelon
Falls; Born Jan. 17/27; Retired; Member of Faithful Brethren Lodge No.
77 (INIT. Harry L. Martyn Lodge No. 696). rec. by R.W.Bro. David
Wilson and W.Bro. George Isaac.
HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE FIFTY-SIXTH MEETING
The Fifty-sixth Regular Meeting of the Heritage Lodge No. 730 was held
on Wednesday, September 19th, 1990, in the Preston-Hespeler Masonic
Temple, Cambridge, Ontario, and was opened in due form at 7.37 p.m. by
the W.M., V.W.Bro. Donald B. Kaufman, who extended a warm welcome to
all present. He immediately invited the D. or C. to retire in order to present
R.W.Bro. Morley Haynes, D.D.G.M. of London East District, who was given
our usual welcome according to his new Grand Lodge recognition.
The Tyler's Register showed 13 Officers, Plus R.W.Bro. Haynes, 20
Members, and only one Visitor, for a total of 34 Masons in attendance.
MINUTES: MOVED by the secretary, SECONDED by R.W.Bro. Dunn,
that the Minutes of the Fifty-fifth Regular Meeting, held in London, be
adopted as printed in the Summons for this meeting. CARRIED.
CORRESPONDENCE: The Secretary drew attention to the following
item of Correspondence:
1 . Regrets from V.W.Bro. George Zwicker, and W.Bro. Stephen Maizels
for inability to attend this meeting.
2. Grand Master's approval of our proposed HERITAGE DAY at Black
Creek Pioneer Village on Sunday, September 23rd.
3. Requests from W. Bro. Edward F. Clarke and R.W.Bro. Stanley
Caveney for Demits, both of whom will now be spending considerable time
in Florida, and unable to participate in the life of the Lodge.
4. Two resignations from committee responsibility - W.Bro. Glenson
Jones, and R.W.Bro. John Boersma. These positions will have to be filled
by the incoming W.M.
MOVED by the Secretary, SECONDED by J.W., that the Correspon-
dence be received and filed upon appropriate action being taken where
PETITIONS: The Secretary gave basic details of the TWO applicants
for Affiliation whose names and full details appear on Page 1 of this
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL PURPOSES: Given by
The Committee of General Purposes met in the Preston-Hespeler
Masonic Temple, Cambridge, on Wednesday, August 15th, 1990, at 7.30
p.m., the S.W. in the chair. 14 members were present, and regrets recorded
from four others.
MINUTES: On motion of R.W.Bro. Pos and W.Bro. Barker, the Minutes
of the meeting of April 18, 1990, were adopted as printed and circulated.
BUSINESS ARISING from Minutes: Based on the report given by
R.W.Bro. Pos on" his investigation of possible amplification and recording
equipment this Committee had recommended that professional advice be
sought and we are now awaiting a response from R.W.Bro. McKenzie.
R.W.Bro. Drew agreed to follow this up.
1 . Dispensation has been received from the Grand Master to proceed with
the first Masonic Day to be observed at the Black Creek Pioneer Village
on Sunday, September 23rd, 1990.
2. A thank you note from Mrs. Margaret Hesp for the recognition and gift
received from the Lodge relating to her retirement from the Black Creek
3. Grand Lodge notices of election results and appointments made at
Grand Lodge, along with Amendments to the Constitution, including
those especially affecting "Historical Lodges", and effective as of July
On motion of R.W.Bro. Dunn and R.W.Bro. McFadgen the Correspon-
dence was received and, where necessary, dealt with under the item of
General Business. Carried.
ACCOUNTS: On motion of R.W.Bro. Steen and W.Bro. Thornton the
followmg Accounts will be recommended to the Lodge for payment:
George Moore, Ass't See's Account $ 33.35
Standard Forms: May Summons & Mailing 469.67
Black creek Interpreters' Luncheon 332.10
A. Hogg: Postage 11.16
Grand Lodge: Semi-Annual Dues 1 ,142.50
Grand Lodge: Two Life Mem. Com. Fees 100.00
Secretary: Semi-Ann. Honourarium 437.50
Editor: " " 125.00
Secretary: Postage & Office Supplies 83.83
Royal York: Lodge Office & room at Grand Lodge 631 .00
Ken McLellan: Postage 7.80
Geo. Moore: Ass't See's Account 87.26
TREASURER: Since our Fiscal year ends in a couple of weeks, the
Treasurer just reported the current standings of all our accounts as of this
date, and Moved the acceptance of the report. This was Seconded by
W.Bro. Thornton. Carried.
1. BY-LAWS: A copy of the existing By-laws, as well as a Notice of
Motion, was provided to each Committee member for study in preparation
for a SPECIAL MEETING OF THIS COMMITTEE to by held August 29,
1990, for the purpose of detailed study of these documents.
2. JANUARY BANQUET: The Chairman of this committee pointed out
that the Black Creek Caterers have out-priced themselves and thus
alternative locations are being sought. The York Temple on Millwood Road
and the Scottish Rite Cathedral, Hamilton, are being checked. The
SPEAKER is to be R.W.BRO. WALLACE McLEOD.
3. AWARDS: R.W.Bro. James Curtis reported that as yet no nomina-
tions have been received for the JAMES DUNLOP AWARD.
4. LIASKAS PAINTINGS: R.W.Bro. Dunn stated that during the past
year he has sold 18 framed and five unframed paintings to the value of
$2,715.00. The total income from sale of the Liaskas Prints now stands at
5. MASONIC HERITAGE: R.W.Bro. Drew advised that Papers and
Speakers were on track for the next several meetings. On motion of W.Bro.
Thornton and R.W.Bro. Dunn, it was recommended that the May 1991
Meeting, slated for NAPANEE, be held on Wednesday EVENING, May 15,
rather than on a Saturday. Carried.
6. CURATOR: W.Bro. Thornton Moved, Seconded by R.W.Bro. Drew,
that the report of the Curator be tabled until our next meeting to enable the
Chairman to shed further insight into its contents. Carried.
7. EDITOR: R.W.Bro. Pos submitted a multi-page analysis and review
of current Paper Preparation procedures and suggested that he produce an
"Author Information Package" which would be given to anyone planning to
present a Paper to the Lodge. This would assure that the Information
Committee would be well informed of what was happening, and the
"Proceedings" would be up to date and published on schedule.
R.W.Bro. Pos Moved, Seconded by R.W.Bro. Drew, that this report be
8. INTERPRETERS: V.W.Bro. McLellan gave a verbal report on the
successes and difficulties in getting and retaining interpreters for the Lodge
room at Black Creek Pioneer Village. He stated that last year there were
some days when Interpreters were not available. This year there are some
50 new names as volunteers, 1 9 of whom appear to be active. Some others
have been available a day or so here and there. At present we have 102
names on the volunteer list.
ADJOURNMENT: Before being adjourned it was announced that the
current "Proceedings" were not yet available but should be ready for
distribution with the November Summons. On Motion of R.W.Bros Drew and
Steen the meeting adjourned, the next Regular Meeting of the Committee
to be on October 17th, at 7.30 p.m., here in Cambridge.
ACTION: On Motion of the Wardens the Accounts as listed in the report
be approved for payment. Carried.
Also on Motion of the Wardens the report as a whole was adopted.
NOTICE OF MOTION: W.Bro. Don Thornton gave NOTICE OF
MOTION concerning the REVISION OF OUR LODGE BY-LAWS as
reviewed at a SPECIAL MEETING OF THE C. G. P. on August 29th, 1 990,
and circulated to all members of the Lodge as part of the November
GENERAL BUSINESS: R.W.Bro. Jack Pos gave a report on the
researches being carried out by R.W.Bro. Allan Cohoe with regard to
Masonic artifacts and memborabilia being discovered during the relocation
process of a very old Cemetery in Bellville, which proved most interesting.
ELECTION OF OFFICERS: This being the occasion of our annual
Election of Officers for the ensuing Masonic Year, the W.M. invited the
Scrutineers whom he had appointed (our apologies for failure to note
names!) to prepare for this process.
Results of the election by ballot were:
Worshipful Master Elect: \ R.W. Bro. Wilfred T. Greenhough
Senior Warden Elect: R.W. Bro. Frank G. Dunn
Junior Warden Elect: W. Bro. Stephen H. Maizels
Secretary: R.W. Bro. W. Gray Rivers
Treasurer: R.W. Bro. Duncan J. McFadgen
W.Bro. Don Thornton Nominated R.W.Bro. Edgar G. Burton as Tyler
Elect. Motion by R.W.Bros. Drew and Pos that nominations be closed.
Motion by R.W.Bros. Gray Rivers and W.Bro. David Fletcher that the
present Auditors, viz; R.W.Bros Kenneth G. Bartlett and James Curtis be re-
Motion by R.W.Bros. McFadgen and Drew that the Examining Board for
the Master Elect be W.Bro. Albert Barker, R.W.Bro. Charles Grimwood, and
V.W.Bro. George Moore. Carried.
Election thus concluded the W.M. congratulated the newly elected
Officers and thanked the scrutineers for their services - responded to with
MOMENT OF MEDITATION: The W.M. apologized for his oversight
earlier in the evening, and now invited our Chaplain to give us his
"MOMENT OF MEDITATION". This was accepted by R.W.Bro. R. Cerwyn
Davies who provided a refreshing interlude to a heavy agenda. (We did not
get his notes to pass on to you - sorry)
BALLOT: No objection being voiced, a collective ballot was taken on
the THREE applicants whose names appear on Page one of the September
Summons. The ballot proving favourable the W.M. declared the following
brethren to be Members of The Heritage Lodge No. 730, and requested that
they sign the By-laws at their earliest convenience: Bro. Keith Wayne
Ferguson; Bro. Douglas Franklin, and Bro. David Zellermayer.
PROGRAM: The rather heavy business agenda now concluded, the
W.M. called upon R.W.Bro. Drew to introduce his program of the evening.
R.W.Bro. Drew in turn invited V.W.Bro. Douglas Gow to introduce our
speaker, V.W.Bro. Walter Ford, who gave a most interesting Paper on the
subject: "YORK-TORONTO ON THE SQUARE".
Following V.W.Bro. Ford's presentation R.W.Bro. Ed Ralph offered a
brief review and critique, which was responded to by V.W.Bro. Ford. (NOTE:
This PAPER and REVIEW will be published in the next issue of "Poceed-
R.W.Bro. Robert Summerville, in most apropriate words, expressed the
thanks of all brethren present for the time, effort, research, and presentation
by our speaker, and also to the reviewer - all of which drew a standing
R.W.Bro. Drew, after adding his personal thanks to R.W.Bro. Ford,
made a brief comment on the pleasure and profit to be derived from the
researching and study that goes with the preparation of a Paper Presen-
tation, and invited anyone who has a real interest in some aspect of our
Masonic Heritage to make this known to him as we are always looking for
The program of the evening thus concluded, the W.M. expressed his
personal thanks to everyone for their co-operation in expediting the
business of a heavy agenda so efficiently, thanked the speaker in particular,
and called on R.W.Bro. Jack MacKenzie to outline briefly the plans for the
R.W.Bro. MacKenzie stated that the Banquet would be held this year at
the YORK MASONIC TEMPLE, 1100 MILLWOOD ROAD, TORONTO,
JANUARY 30th. 1 991 , with R.W.BRO. WALLACE McLEOD as SPEAKER.
Tickets should be available at our November meeting.
There being no further business, the meeting was closed in harmony at
1 . Pick up your TICKETS for the JANUARY BANQUET at this meeting -
or from any of our Officers as soon as possible!
2. Our Master Elect is working on plans for the MARCH meeting in
OSHAWA, and the MAY meeting in NAPANEE. Full details of BOTH
these meetings will be announced in good time.
3. DUES: The BIGGEST HEADACHE and HEARTACHE of all Lodge
Secretaries! WHY DO WE HAVE MEMBERS WHO JUST DON'T PAY?
Happily MOST DO, but the fact is we have TOO MANY in ARREARS.
PLEASE - PLEASE - LOOK at the MAILING LABEL: and IF an amount
(25, 50, or more) appears ABOVE THE FIRST LETTER OF YOUR
NAME - A CHEQUE WOULD BE MOST APPRECIATED.
SEE YOU AT INSTALLATION!
THE GRAND MASTER
THE DEPUTY GRAND MASTER
THE GRAND SECRETARY . . .
GRAND LODGE OFFICERS, 1990
. . . M.W.BRO
. . . R.W.BRO.
. . . M.W.BRO
DAVID C. BRADLEY
NORMAN E. BYRNE
ROBERT E. DAVIES
THE HERITAGE LODGE OFFICERS, 1990
Immediate Past Master
Senior Warden . . .
Junior Warden . . .
Senior Deacon . . .
Junior Deacon ....
Director of Ceremonies
Senior Steward . . .
Junior Steward . . .
V.W.Bro. Donald B. Kaufman
R.W.Bro. Edmund V. Ralph
R.W.Bro. Wilfred T. Greenhough
R.W.Bro. Frank G. Dunn
R.W.Bro. R. Cerwyn Davies
R.W.Bro. Duncan J. McFadgen
R.W.Bro. W. Gray Rivers
V.W.Bro. George F. Moore
W.Bro. Stephen H. Maizels
W.Bro. David Fletcher
R.W.Bro. Edsel C. Steen
R.W.Bro. Kenneth L. Whiting
W.Bro. Thomas Crowley
R.W.Bro. Larry J. Hostine
R.W.Bro. Leonard R.Hertel
R.W.Bro. Fred. R. Branscombe
R.W.Bro. John M. Boersma
Archivist W.Bro. Glen T. Jones
Editor R.W.Bro. Jacob Pos
Masonic Information R.W.Bro. C. Edwin Drew
Curator R.W.Bro Edmund V. Ralph
Librarian R.W.Bro John Storey
Graphics Bro. Basil Liaskas
Finance and By-laws W.Bro. Donald D. Thornton
Membership R.W.Bro. John M. Boersma
Black Creek Mas. Heritage V.W.Bro. Alan D. Hogg
Central Data Bank V.W.Bro. Kenneth C. McLellan
Publications R.W.Bro. Balfour LeGresley
Special Events R.W.Bro. Kenneth L. Whiting
Liaskas Paintings R.W.Bro. Frank G. Dunn
Auditors R.W.Bro. Kenneth G. Bartlett
R.W.Bro. James Curtis
1977 & 1978
R.W.BRO. Jacob Pos
R.W.Bro. Keith R. A. Flynn
R.W.Bro. Donald G. S. Grinton
M. W.Bro. Ronald E. Groshaw
V.W.Bro. George E. Zwicker
R.W.Bro. Balfour LeGresley
R.W.Bro. Daved C. Bradley
R.W.Bro. E. Edwin Drew
R.W.Bro. Robert S. Throop
W. Bro. Albert A. Barker
R.W.Bro. Edsel C. Steen
R.W.Bro. Edmund V. Ralph
THE HERITAGE LODGE NO. 730
RE: AMENDMENTS TO BY-LAWS: FORMING PART
OF NOVEMBER SUMMONS
NOTICE OF MOTION September 1 9, 1 990
I will move or cause to be moved at our next regular meeting, that the following amendments
be made to the By-laws of The Heritage Lodge No. 730 G.R.C.
1 . that Article II be amended by adding a sentence to paragraph 1 to read as follows:
"This Lodge is a Research Lodge as outlined in Part 1 1 A, Section 383.1 of the Constitution
of the said Grand Lodge.
2. that Article V, Paragraph 1 be amended by inserting a comma and the words "the
certified copy of the Warrant" between the words "warrant" and "and the other Lodge
3. that Article V, paragraph 18 be renumbered 20 and new paragraphs 18 and 19 be
inserted to read as follows:
(not an officer)
" 18. The Curator shall be responsible for the safekeeping of all masonic artifacts and
memorabilia having historical value which may be placed in his care. He shall maintain a full
and accurate record of the same, including such information as sources, donors, dates of
origin and acquisition, and brief descriptions of each item. He shall make such information
available to any member of the Lodge on written request. He shall periodically publish a list
of all items under his care.
(not an officer)
"1 9. The Librarian shall be responsible for the safekeeping of all books and periodicals which
may be placed in his care. He shall maintain a full and accurate record of the same, including
titles, authors, publishers, subject matter, etc. The material in his care shall be available to
any member of the Lodge on writtern request. He shall periodically publish a list of all items
under his care."
4. that Article VI, paragraph 1 be amended by adding
"1 .10 Black Creek Masonic Heritage
1.11 William James Dunlop awards
1.12 Heritage Banquet"
immediately after "1 .9 Lodge Finances" and deleting the word "Active" where it appears in
the second sentence and substituting therefor the word "standing".
5. that Article VII, Paragraph 4 be deleted and the following substituted therefor: "The
Committee on Masonic Information shall be guided by the first three objectives (Preface)
established by the Lodge. The chairman, with the assistance of his committee, shall be
responsible for planning the educational portion of Lodge Meetings at least one year in
advance and preferably two years in advance on a continuing basis. The committee will, in
normal circumstances, select those who are to deliver papers before the Lodge. The
committee will explain to each speaker that a written copy of his paper, suitable for
publication, will be required at least six months before the date of presentation in open
Lodge. When the advance copy of the paper reaches the Committee, they will deliver copies
of it to respondents, who will prepare written critiques and return them to the committee three
months before the date of presentation. (The Editor shall also receive a copy of the
presentation at this time.) This will allow them an opportunity to prepare to comment publicly
on the paper after it is delivered in open Lodge. The Committee will provide the Guest
speaker with copies of these critiques in order that he might be prepared to respond on the
date of presentation. The Committee will ensure that written copies of the remarks made by
the respondents, and any response made by the presenter, are placed in the hands of the
Editor no later than the date of the communication at wich the paper is delivered."
6. that Article VII, Paragraph 10 be renumbered 13.
7. that Article VII be amended by adding "Paragraph 10 - BLACK CREEK MASONIC
HERITAGE" to read as follows: "The purpose of the Masonic Lodge at Black Creek Pioneer
Village is to present masonry in a favourable light to the many visitors who tour the Village
each year. The Lodge room is furnished with pre- Confederation furnishings and is staffed by
volunteer Masonic interpreters.
"The Black Creek Masonic Heritage committee shall be responsible to liaise with the
Metropolitan Toronto and Region Conservation Authority on the operation, maintenance and
staffing of the Lodge room.
"The committee will enlist volunteers from the lodges to staff the facility and will meet
regularly to review the issues and concerns raised by the interpreters or the Metropolitan
Toronto and Region Conservation Authority.
"As the interpreters may, on occasion, have Masonic artifacts presented to them for the
Lodge's use, the committee will be responsible to receive these items and to recommend to
the Committee of General Purposes the appropriateness of their display at the Black Creek
Masonic Lodge Room.
"It will also be the committee's responsibility to recommend to the Committee of General
purposes any improvemnts to the Lodge room, its furnishings and any other matter which
would enhance the image of Masonry portrayed to the general public who visit the village.
8. that article VII be amended by adding "Paragraph 1 1 - WILLIAM JAMES DUNLOP
AWARDS" to read as follows: "The Lodge wishes to recognize the outstanding contribution
made by a Mason, whether a member of The Heritage Lodge or not, to the Craft within
Ontario. This will be in the form of a Plaque called "THE WILLIAM JAMES DUNLOP
AWARD". It is not intended to be based on any particular time frame, and not more than
ONE given per year, but is given for a continuing contribution to Masonry. The William James
Dunlop Awards Committee shall select recipients in accord with the following guidelines:
1 . Awarded for continuing effort to Masonic Research and Education in Ontario.
2. For any significant Masonic contribution OUTSIDE of Ontario.
3. Need NOT be a member of The Heritage Lodge.
4. The contribution must have been of a continuing nature in Masonic Education,
Research, Instruction, and Masonic Heritage.
5. It must NOT be construed to be for one single major contribution.
6. The Award cannot be granted for any contribution which is considered to be in the
regular performance of his duties of his office.
7. The decision of the Committee is to be final.
8. Each member of the Committee is appointed for a three year term. At the end of his
term, the Committee will suggest a new member, who may be the retiring member, and
who must be a member of The Heritage Lodge in good standing. The Committee of
General Purposes will, after due consideration, recommend any new member for ap-
pointment. The SENIOR member will serve as Chairman.
9. In the event of a member of the Committee wishing to be released from the Committee
before the three years, he must do so by letter to the Chairman. The Committee will
then select a new member and present the name to the Lodge for adoption.
9. that Article VII be amended by adding "Paragraph 12 - HERITAGE BANQUET" to
read as follows: "The Heritage Banquet Committee shall be responsible for arranging an
annual banquet to be held if possible on the 29th, 30th or 31st, if a week day, in the month
of January. The Committee shall consist of a Chairman and a Treasurer with the Chairman
given the power to add. The planning and organizing of the banquet, including ticket printing
and distribution, menu, cover charge, location of the event, etc. shall be the Committee's
responsibility. Procurement of a Guest Speaker shall be the responsibility of the Worshipful
10. that Article VII, paragraph 9 be amended by inserting the words "October Meeting
of the" between the words "submit to the" and "Committee of General Purposes" and deleting
the words "at its first meeting after Installation," where they appear in the first sentence of
sub section 9.3
11. that Article IX, sub heading "INITIATION", and Paragraph 1 be deleted, and
Paragraphs 2, 3, & 4 be renumbered 1 , 2, & 3 respectively.
1 2. that Article X, paragraph 2 be amended by deleting the words "on application to the
Lodge Secretary" and substituting therefor the words "by submitting an application to the
Lodge Secretary on the approved form, which is obtainable from that officer."
13. that article XII, Paragraph 1 be amended by deleting the word "three" and
substituting therefor the word "four" where it appears in the first sentence; by deleting the
word "and" where it appears between the words "Capital Fund" and "(c)"; and adding after
the words "Life Membership Fund", a comma and the words "and (d) The Special Projects
1 4. that Article XII, paragraph 2 by amended by adding to the end of the first sentence
the words "and Corresponding Subscriber fees" and by deleting the words "District tax"
where they appear in the second sentence.
1 5. that Article XII, paragraph 3 be amended by deleting the words "Initiation and" where
they appear in the first sentence; and by deleting the word "Charter" where it appears in the
second sentence and substituting therefor the word "Chartered".
1 6. that Article XII, Paragraphs 7, 8, 9, 1 0, 1 1 , 1 2 & 1 3 be deleted and the following be
"7. The fund shall be monitored by the Finace Committee and administered by the
Committee of General Purposes, which shall ensure that an amount equal to the annual
dues, less Grand Lodge per capita tax, times the number of Life Members, or the amount of
real interest earned from the invested sum, whichever is the lesser, is transfered to the
Operating Fund each year.
"8. Except as required for investment, as described in ARTICLE XII, paragraphs 6 and
7, no portion of the principal amount of the Life Membership fund shall be withdrawn, without
a Notice of Motion of the proposed withdrawl having been given in a Lodge Summons, and
without a 2/3 majority vote of the members present and voting at the next Regular Meeting
of the Lodge. The amount to be withdrawn shall not maintain the Life Membership, as
determined in Appendix A of these By-Laws.
"9. No fee, in whole or in part, may be returned to a brother, or to his estate for any
reason, including demission, suspension, expulsion or death.
THE SPECIAL PROJECTS FUND
"10. The Special Projects Fund, originally established to segregate funds earned from
special projects such as the Annual Banquet, the republishing of the C.M.R.A. Papers, and
the sale of limited edition prints of the Liaskas' painting, from funds collected in the ordinary
course of the Lodge's activities, is to be augmented by further funds generated by such
"1 1 . The funds shall be administered by the Committee of General Purposes, who shall
use the funds as seed money to fund other special projects, as approved by the Lodge on
a motion duly moved, seconded and passed, after a Notice of Motion has been duly made.
"12. When the cash balance in the Special Projects Fund is sufficient to warrant
investment, the treasurer shall report the fact to the Finance Committee and to the
Committee of General Purposes, and the latter will make the final recommendation to the
Lodge. If the recommendation is approved, the Lodge shall authorize the treasurer to invest
a specific sum in suitable securities. The purchase of such securities shall be made by
"1 3. Interest earned by the invested amounts shall be deposited in the specific account
from which the funds were invested.
"14. All bonds, certificates and other securities shall be kept in a safe deposit box
approved by the Lodge, and shall be made available to the auditors at any time with due
"15. The Committee of General Purposes shall have power to authorize the purchase
of investments at any time on behalf of the Lodge, and to have their actions ratified at the
next Regular Meeting of the Lodge."
1 8. that Appendix A be amended by deleting the date "1 988/89" where it appears in the
example and substituting therefor the date "1990/91 " and by deleting the amount "$30.00"
where it appears for Grand Lodge Commutation Fee and substituting the amount "$50.00"
19. that Appendix B be amended by deleting Paragraph 1 and renumbering Paragraphs
2, 3 & 4 as 1 , 2 & 3 respectively.
20. that Appendix B, renumbered Paragraph 3 be amended by changing the amount of
"$25.00" to "$1 5.00".
21. that Appendix D be amended by deleting the heading "AMENDMENT" and
paragraphs 13 and 16, and renumbering paragraphs 14 and 15 as numbers 13 and 14.
THE WORSHIPFUL MASTER
V.W. Bro. Donald Bruce Kaufman
Initiated in Wilson Lodge No. 113,
Charter Member Concord Lodge No. 7
Preston Chapter No. 245, R. A. M. ,
Charter Member The Heritage Lodge,
W. M. Concord Lodge No. 722,
Appointed Grand Steward, G.R.C.,
Royal City Lodge Perfection A.&A.S
Guelph Chapter Rose Croix, A. &A.S
Moore Sovereign Consistory,
Secretary Concord Lodge No. 722, (
Treasurer Preston-New Hope Masonic
As The Heritage Lodge proceeds through its
thirteenth year, it is pursuing a number of
avenues of change, that will enhance its
existence as a unique, historical research
These changes will allow The Heritage
Lodge to more readily attain and sustain
its principle objectives. We thank Grand
Lodge for its advice and support during
this period of change.
This progress is fuelled and will be
fuelled, in the future, by the talent,
enthusiasm, support and hard work of its
dedicated members. Much has been accomp-
lished, in past years, but much more
remains to be done.
This year, The Heritage Lodge held meet-
ings in Lindsay and London. We thank the
Lodges and Masons in these Districts for
their hospitality and their interest and
support of our work.
The Annual Heritage Banquet was a success,
we are greatly indebted to R.W. Bro.
Kenneth L. Whiting for his work in ensuring
The preservation of our history in the
form of the written word and historical
artifacts contributes to our understanding
of past events and forms a foundation on
which to build for the future.
I would encourage and perhaps challenge
Masons to investigate, discover and
research important events in our Jurisdic-
tion and record their observations and
commentary. Perhaps even to expand their
observations into a paper for presentation
to the Lodge.
I thank the members of The Heritage Lodge
for extending to me the honour of serving
as the Worshipful Master.
Donald B. Kaufman, W.M.
The first meeting of the Lodge this year
was held at our regular meeting place in
Cambridge on September 20, 1989. The
Speaker on this occasion was our incumbent
Worshipful Master who presented a most
interesting paper titled f M.W. Bro. John
Ross Robertson - His Life and Contribution
to Masonic Heritage 1 . It should be noted
that the presentation of this paper was in
keeping with the recommendation that every
Officer of the Lodge should research a
Masonic Paper for presentation to the Lodge
before he becomes a Past Master.
The Sixth Annual Heritage Banquet was
again held in the Visitor's Centre, Black
Creek Pioneer Village. The Guest Speaker
was Rabbi Dr. David Monson, who gave a talk
on Nathan Phillips, the first Jewish Mayor
of the City of Toronto. There was no writ-
ten material available for publication.
The March meeting was held in the Masonic
Lodge Building, Lindsay, Ontario. The Guest
Speaker was R.W. Bro. Rev. William Fairley
who spoke on 'Masonry and Religion.
R.W. Bro. Frank Standring presented a
provocative paper titled ! Eden Lodge and
the Grand Lodge of Ontario 1 at the May
meeting held in the Dufferin Street Masonic
Lodge Building, London, Ontario. Two formal
reviews and an interesting discussion
preceded the concluding remarks by R.W.
A number of brethren have suggested that
the Lodge appears to be drifting away from
the established procedure for presentation
of research papers. See the article on
1 Masonic Papers - A Real Concern 1 .
A notice of motion for major changes in
the Lodge By-Laws will reflect the new
additions in the Grand Lodge Constitution,
which were passed at the Annual Communica-
tion in July, and which now provide for the
institution and conduct of Research Lodges.
The next project will be a revision of
'Appendix D 1 of the Lodge By-Laws which
includes the Editorial Policy for Publicat-
ions, Proceedings, Special Publications,
Submission of Manuscripts, the Editor and
the Editorial Board. If you have any con-
structive thoughts on these matters, please
convey them to me by any convenient means.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Worshipful Master, 1
Editorial Comments, 3
Table of Contents, 4
M.W. Bro. John Ross Robertson, by
R.W. Bro. E.V. Ralph, 4
Masonry and Religion, by
R.W. Bro. Rev. William Fairley, . 64
Eden Lodge and The Grand Lodge of Ontario
by R.W. Bro. F.A. Standring, ... 81
Review #1 by R.W. Bro. E.S. Carson, 107
Review #2 by R.W. Bro. J.J. Talman, 109
Masonic Papers - A Real Concern, by
R.W. Bro. Jack Pos, 112
Our Departed Brethren, 124
An Anchor, by
W.Bro. Gordon Winters, 12 6
Lodge Officers & Committees, . . . 128
The contributors to these Proceedings
are alone responsible for the opinions
expressed and also for the accuracy of the
statements made therein, and do not necess-
arily reflect the opinions or policies of
The Heritage Lodge.
M.W. BRO. JOHN ROSS ROBERTSON
His Life and Contribution to
R.W. Bro. Edmund V. Ralph
(W.M. The Heritage Lodge, 1988-89)
The Lodge programme of your Worshipful
Master this year was to have masonic
speakers from outside this jurisdiction to
represent a theme of International Free-
masonry. Obviously, this did not happen, so
you have me to present the historical
lecture this evening. Let this be a warning
to any aspiring officer to have a Heritage
Lecture readily available — preferably in
their back pocket — just in case the
planning breaks down as it has in my case.
I have felt that the subject of Inter-
national Freemasonry appeals to the imagin-
ation of all masons. I also feel that in
this modern world of instant electronic
communication, freemasonry throughout the
world is subject to the same media examin-
ation and criticism no matter where an
* Paper presented at the Regular Meeting of
The Heritage Lodge held in the Preston -
Hespeler Masonic Building, Cambridge,
Wednesday, September 20, 1989.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 6
issue starts. There is a need then for
freemasonry to stand united, more than it
has ever before. This globalization impact
on freemasonry is divisive and the institu-
tion is more vulnerable to the up and down
moods of society.
It may have been wishful thinking on my
part that some of these issues could have
been examined. . Perhaps, from the printed
handouts at our meetings, and from the
lectures during the year, a bit of light
has been exposed on the subject.
My subject this evening is not inter-
national freemasonry. It concerns the City
of Toronto and this Grand Jurisdiction. My
topic is "M.W. Bro John Ross Robertson
(J.R.R.): his life and contribution to
Masonic Heritage" . As some of you may not
know this person, I will briefly introduce
him so that you will be immediately in the
picture. He was born in his parental home
on Simcoe St., Toronto, December 28, 1841.
He died in the same city May 31, 1918. He
was an historian, an author, a publisher, a
journalist, and politician, owner of the
Toronto Evening Telegram and a mason. He
loved small children, was a family man and
considered to be the father of amateur
sport. He was a dedicated collector of
historical pictures, maps and manuscripts
which were all donated to the Toronto
Public Library to form the J. Ross
Robertson Historical Collection. He was a
political strategist in his own community,
and a member of the Canadian Parliament. He
was a generous philanthropist who shaped
the destiny of the Hospital for Sick
Children. He was Right Eminent Knight
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 7
Provincial Grand Prior 1882-85, Grand Z
Royal Arch Masons 1896 and Grand Master of
Masons in the Province of Ontario in 1890-
It is fitting to discuss J.R.R. because it
is nearly 150 years since he was born, 70
years since his death and 99 years since he
was Grand Master. As time passes, his
legacy tends to fade in the minds of
masons. As a Heritage Lodge it should be
our purpose to preserve the heritage which
previous masons gave us and I dedicate this
lecture to that purpose and I hope it will
not be considered the last word on J.R.R.
I have four objectives:
1. To increase or renew your appreciation
of the contribution this mason made to
2 . To remind you of the commitment this
Lodge has to preserve the masonic heri-
tage which all Masons have left to
3. To illustrate highlights of his activ-
ities and how he integrated his Free-
masonry within his own life experie-
4. To comment on or evaluate his contribu-
tion to Masonic Heritage and our
response to his legacy.
I may appear to be somewhat political in
regard to the latter objective. You will
have to excuse me because it is not my
desire to point the finger at any one
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 8
person or group, but rather to raise ques-
tions about where we can go from here in
the preservation of the great heritage
J.R.R. left us.
I am personally greatly indebted to a
number of persons who assisted me; their
names appear in the bibliography.
To appreciate J. Ross Robertson's contrib-
ution, one has to know and understand the
times in which he lived. The day he was
born gas light was turned on for the first
time in the city. He was the product of the
Victorian times just as we all are the
product of the times in which we live.
Boats and railways were the major form of
transportation. Travel by road with horse
and carriage was the least popular and
certainly the most rugged. The combustion
engine was not introduced until the turn of
The transcontinental railroad was not
completed until 1885. It created need for
immigrant settlement and resulting pres-
sures on urbanization and rural developm-
ent. Government subsidies for private
industries to build expensive railways gave
certain people the opportunity to get rich
quickly, profiteer in land, engage in
political corruption and obtain special
privileges. The telephone was in use by
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 9
Challenges to Canadian Independence from
the United States were present. British
treatment of the Colonies was the basis for
the formation of the new Dominion in 1867.
Debates on tariffs and free trade seemed
Loyalty to Britain was fierce. Arguments
for one flag, one language and one school
were balanced against the demands of Quebec
for their own language, culture and laws.
It was not unusual for Orangemen and
Catholics to fight in the streets with
riots sometimes causing death.
There were wars and rebellions. Economic
depressions and boom times could not be
managed. Income Tax was not introduced
until 1917. Epidemics were frequent.
Social Service and Income Maintenance were
a family responsibility, and hence there
was extreme poverty for many.
Toronto was known as the city of churches.
You could be arrested for playing games on
It was within this setting that J. Ross
Robertson, lived, fought the issues of the
day through his press, carried out his
philanthropic work and promoted the cause
J.R.R.'s father emigrated to Montreal in
1832. A year later he moved to York and was
employed in an importing business. In the
Rebellion of Upper Canada he served under
the Queen as a loyal British Subject. He
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 10
opened his dry goods business and married
his childhood sweetheart from Scotland.
Four sons were born of this union. Two
moved to England in their adult life and
died there. One worked with his father and
J.R.R. became a respected and prominent
citizen of Toronto and the most widely
known Freemason in Ontario and the world at
Very early in life J.R.R. showed interest
in old buildings, history and sports which
were evident from his writings. When atten-
ding Upper Canada College he started the
first student newspaper which is still
published to-day called "The College
Times". As a school boy he published "Boys
Times" and "Young Canada". He left Grammar
School for work in 1860. This began a
career of journalism, publishing and print-
He worked as a reporter, and published one
of the first Railroad and Steamship Guides
in Canada. He worked for the "Leader". He
published the first sports newspaper,
"Sporting Life" and the "The Grumbler"
J.R.R. was also a reporter for the "Globe"
until he went into partnership and estab-
lished the "Daily Telegraph", the first
evening paper in Toronto in 1864.
J.R.R. married Maria Louisa Gillbee in
1871 and they had three children. A year
after he married he became unemployed when
the Daily Telegram went bankrupt. He went
to work again for George Brown, owner of
the Globe, as a London, England reporter.
He was very unhappy and quit after three
years service. He returned to Toronto,
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 11
financially broke, with his wife and first
son who had been born in England. While he
was broke at 30, he would be a wealthy man
before he was 40.
He went to work for "The Nation" , the
owner of which was Goldwin Smith, a wealthy
business man, who lived at the Grange in
Toronto. In this capacity he was assigned
the job of covering the Louis Rebellion and
as a result became one of the prisoners but
was released unhurt.
With a loan of $10,000 from his boss, he
started publishing "The Evening Telegram"
which, with classified advertising on the
front page, was a successful financial
adventure from the first issue on April 18,
The Evening Telegram, according to J.R.R.
was to be a newspaper for the "masses". In
his own words, it was a "newspaper not an
organ" and there was "no patron but the
public". The purpose of a newspaper was "to
comment with judicial impartiality upon the
leading questions and events of the day" ,
to vigorously uphold what it knows to be
for the public good; and to denounce what
it knows to be the reverse. . . a journal
which is merely an organ of a party or a
clique is subject to no such conditions as
those we have specified." (1)
1. "The paper tyrant" by Ron Poulton.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 12
His financial success was not all due to
the Telegram. He began publishing 'Robert-
sons Library Series 1 in which were printed
about 2,000,000 cheap paperback books for
which the American authors never received
any royalties. This was clearly an attempt
to get into the book publishing business.
The pirate publishing operated for nearly
two decades taking advantage of the loop-
holes in the Imperial Copywrite Act of
England 1842. To achieve his goals he did
what was legal but some would say not
moral. However, it was J.R.R. who finally
forced the Canadian Parliament to clarify
copywrite laws, thereby ending the piracy.
This was when he served as a member of
Parliament in 1896 - 1900 and was president
of the Copywrite Association.
Within a short period of three years of
starting the Telegram J.R.R. was able to
build a new head office on the Southwest
corner of King and Bay, modernize his
printing equipment to print up to 10,800
newspapers per hour, moved into an office
"unmatched on the continent" and build a
new mansion home at 291 Sherbourne. He
would stay in this home until his death
even though the area deteriorated and his
neighbours moved north to the more fashion-
able suburbs. This home is now a shelter
for battered women and its appearance is
basically the same. In 1972 the Ontario
Ministry of Culture placed an historical
plaque on the property. I believe that this
is the only provincial government plaque
which mentions Freemasons. It reads as
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 13
"John Ross Robertson 1841 - 1918 - Pub-
lisher and philanthropist, John Ross
Robertson lived in this house 1881 - 1918.
He was born in Toronto and while at Upper
Canada College he started the College
Times, the first school newspaper in
Canada. He became city editor of the Globe
in 1865 and the following year with James
B. Cook established The Daily Telegraph,
published until 1872. Four years later
Robertson founded The Evening Telegram
which quickly became one of Toronto's
leading newspapers. Financial success
enabled him to make contributions to the
building and operation of the Hospital for
Sick Children and to gratify his life long
interest in history. He assembled an inval-
uable historical and pictorial collection
and published such notable works as "Land-
marks of Toronto" and "History of Free-
masonry in Canada".
By way of comment — I am hopeful that
Heritage Lodge will someday assume a role
to place plaques for our Masonic Heritage
places, events and persons. This remains a
void in our activities and if the govern-
ment historical agencies do not want to
recognize Freemasonry, then we should.
His eminence as a publisher was firmly
established and his financial status was
now secure but tragedy would soon hit and
it is from this point that his life and
activities change drastically.
About the time of his move to his new home
on Sherbourne Street his daughter and niece
died of Diphtheria on the same day and both
J. ft ROBERTSON Page 14
were buried at the family plot in the
Necropolis cemetery in the same funeral.
The death of the two girls was to have a
profound effect on J.R.R. Numerous people
say that this accounts for his motivation
and drive in his work and philanthropy with
the Hospital for Sick Children (H.S.C.)
It was five years after the death of his
daughter when J.R.R. was on one of his 4
trips overseas (By way of interest, I
estimate that he would have spent almost 2
years of his life on board ocean liners)
that he received a telegram from his wife
saying good-bye to him. She died from
appendicitis in Montreal while on her way
to meet her husband in England.
A year later he married Jessie Holland in
1887. She was a widow who lived next door
and took an interest in him. His biographer
said that "his first marriage was founded
on love and the second on respect and
loneliness" (2) . She fell into a ready made
family with two young boys aged 14 and 5 to
care for. In his will, J.R.R. named her as
a principle trustee to run the Telegram.
This was unusual considering his chauvin-
istic ideas coupled with the fact that she
had limited education. She lived until
1947, the Telegram was sold and as she was
the last surviving heir the residue of the
estate was turned over to the H.S.C. The
Telegram ceased operating completely in
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 15
It is said that J.R.R. was somewhat disap-
pointed in his two sons. His oldest son,
the "dissolute and charming" Cully, out-
lived his father by only 2 3 days. Before
J.R.R. died he knew his son would not live
long but his father's legacy to him was a
generous $20,000 per year. It is interest-
ing to note that J.R.R. did not like nick-
names yet his eldest son Adam Sinclair was
known primarily by his nickname "Cully".
Irving, his youngest son was a "disappoin-
ting scholar with a self defeating bent for
pleasure" (3). He worked for the Telegram
but did not have the capacity to perform
higher than the office manager. He died in
J.R.R. f s inability to show affection seems
to be reflected through his children. His
constant travelling, his business interests
and involvement with many organizations
obviously gave him little time to be with
his children. They never achieved any
degree of prominence in life, or contrib-
uted significantly to community life or
followed in their father f s footsteps as
J.R.R. was buried in the Necropolis over-
looking the Don Valley where he fished,
hunted, and played as a child. All the
markings for his whole family are on his
tombstone even his brothers who were buried
in England. He directed that "his funeral
be strictly private, absolutely plain,
simple and inexpensive. Even its time was
not to be mentioned. A Masonic Memorial
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 16
Service was held at 888 Yonge Street after
I will now end the stories about his
personal life because there are too many
others to mention in this paper. Adversity
often leads to human greatness. Certainly
from the death of his wife and second
marriage he assumed only a managerial role
in the Telegram.* His editor, John R. Robin-
son (nicknamed Black Jack) was well trusted
but still nothing happened in the newspaper
office without J.R.R. knowing about it. His
office was used for all the meetings on his
private interests. He would explain that
one end of his desk was for hockey and the
other for the H.S.C, and this would beg the
question; what about his work with the
Telegram. And he replied that it was done
on the underside of his desk.
His biographer asks "when all was said and
done who really knew J.R.R. ". He was an
enigma, a conundrum. He was "steeped in
contradictions". His denominational ties
were not tight because he attended the
church that gave the most interesting
lessons. He was a "pinchpenny" and a "phil-
anthropist". He was an "opportunist".
There was "no greys" in his life. He did
his perverse best to "discourage affect-
ion". He never bothered to "mask his mood".
He was "endlessly busy, restless, and
preoccupied". He was a "dreamer and acti-
vist but insensitive to art".
He was a "compulsive collector". He was a
"renegade to his own class". He "terrorized
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 17
the pompous and befriended his servants".
He always went after small mercies for
other persons while seeking no mercy him-
The sheer "love of conflict in him was
powered by a joy that can only be known to
men who expect to win". He was destined for
"trouble and triumph and collision with him
was inevitable and monumental". He treas-
ured the old while he pushed for the city
to grow because progress was essential. He
was "dynamic and unpredictable". His "good
fortune that attended his efforts was the
earning of his energy, enthusiasm and
experience, reinforced by a persistence and
resource that would admit no failure".
Offices and honour "were offered him, many
of which he did not accept". He welcomed
responsibilities when he felt he could be
of real service". (4)
There is no doubt that he was a great man
and mason. Unlike most great men who have
a singular drive for one purpose, J.R.R.
had numerous objectives.
1. LOYAL ORANGE LODGE (L.O.L.)
J.R.R. entered the Loyal Orange Lodge of
Temperance #301 in 1861, and transferred to
Brunswick #404 where he was Corresponding
Secretary for many years. He joined the
Royal Black Perceptory #96 in 1864. He had
many childhood memories of their parades.
It is said he had a "zest for parades and
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 18
regalia". This was probably only true for
parades because he apparently marched in 45
July 12 parades. But there are very few
pictures of him in Masonic regalia. It is a
credit to John Ross Robertson Lodge that
they had a portrait painted of him with
full regalia to commemorate the 125th
Anniversary of Grand Lodge in 1980.
The recent history on the Orange Order has
few references to J.R.R. and although he
assumed no high office, it is my opinion
that J.R.R. was one of their key strate-
gists. He would make this his contribution
to the Orange Order. He certainly was not
attracted to their religious fixation.
In 1942 the L.O.L. presented an illus-
trated scroll to the Telegram for their
support of the World War II effort. In
accepting this his nephew Douglas S.
Robertson said "J.R.R. was never lukewarm
to any of his manifold interests" (5) . The
cause of the Orange Order was no exception.
He went into it with all his might and
2 . FREEMASONRY
J.R.R. was elected to the most senior
office in the Craft and three concordent
bodies of Freemasonry. From my research on
J.R.R. I have come to appreciate his great
love of the Craft, his duty to the Craft,
and his emphasis on responsible leadership
in the Craft.
5. The Telegram, May 23, 1942.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 19
I am indebted to the late Bros. John E.
Taylor and P.G. Hills for the details of
his Masonic affiliations. The wide spread
displacement of Masonic records make it
virtually impossible to verify dates,
membership and offices held. It also was
characteristic of him to play down his
personal details and involvement in all his
activities. As an example, in his 'Robert-
sons Landmarks", he lists the baptism of
his brothers and sister, but does not give
I agree with his biographer, when he
states that J.R.R. believed that "member-
ship was nothing without office". His
writings are full of the sensitive manner
in which he treated leadership and thought
about leadership. J.R.R. said "Never take
office, the duties of which you cannot
discharge" and "It is pleasant and agree-
able. . . (to) return home clothed with impos-
ing regalia which is the emblem of author-
ity but to accept office is not in accord-
ance with the morality of Masonry." and
"The simple consciousness of faithfulness
in office is prized by me more than any
external testimony" (6) .
We all know of his D.D.G.M. reports which
were often critical of lodges with poor
leadership. Few would have the courage or
conviction to report in his style to-day.
His frustration and intolerance for the
lack of conviction about a high standard of
leadership is expressed eloquently in the
following. "It is just possible that I take
5. The Telegram, May 23, 1942.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 20
Masonic life too seriously, but I feel as
one who has a deep interest in the work
that unless Grand Chapter is more rigid in
its requirements from those selected for
office it is a waste of time for a Grand Z
to travel miles to kindle fires out of
embers that have almost ceased to smoulder
and view ruins which human skill cannot
It was his practice as a Grand Master in
any fraternal body to visit all their
chapters and lodges throughout Ontario. I
hesitate to try to estimate the numbers
visited and miles travelled. One story
illustrates his determination. Because of
severe weather he was pulled across Rice
Lake on a sleigh so that he could attend a
His reasons for meeting with masons in
their local communities relates primarily
to his type of leadership and his love for
the Craft. It is expressed by him in an
address to the Scottish Rite which is
quoted from his 'Talks with Craftsmen 1 .
"I have not been exactly in pursuit of
pleasure, and yet I do not feel my jour-
neyings either as a hardship or even an
irksome obligation. Rightly or wrongly I
consider it as not only a duty but a
privilege to go abroad amongst the lodges,
so that I might be able to speak with
authority that alone can come from per-
sonal acquaintance with the Craft in their
homes in their own lodge rooms", and "...I
do not look upon the office of Grand
6. "Talks with Craftsmen".
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 21
Master as one of cold and icy dignity. My
brethren of this Rite, there is no dignity
either in Masonry or in any walk of life
but the dignity of usefulness and the
virtues of Masonry are not to be found in
its majestic creeds, but in the deeds
which are the ripened fruit of the eternal
principles upon which the institution is
His offices in the Craft were as follows:
Initiated Passed and Raised - King Solomon's #22 G.R.C. 1867
W. Master- Mimico #369 G.R.C. " 1880
Grand Steward 1880
W. Master- King Solomon #22 1881
Other Lodge Memberships:
Niagara #2 G.R.C, St. Andrews #16 G.R.C, Zetland #326 G.R.C,
Mimico #369 G.R.C, Zeta #410 G.R.C, Alpha #384 G.R.C, Honourary
Member of Chapel Lodge #1. and member of Fortrose Lodge #108,
S.C, Corresponding member of Quator Lodge #2076 U. G. of E. and
elected full member.
Committee on Condition of Masonry 1882
Grand Senior Warden 1882
D.D.G.M. 11 District Toronto 1886
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Canada 1890/91
Representative for Grand Lodge of England 1891
Grand Historian 1902
Honourary Past Grand Junior Warden U. G. of E. 1902
ROYAL ARCH MASONS OF ONTARIO
First Principal of King Solomon's Chapter #8
Grand Superintendent of Toronto 1881
Grand Z 1905\06
Representative for Grand Chapter of New York 1905
Member of Executive Committee and Chairman of the
Condition of Capitular Masonry.
7. Grand Chapter of Canada Proceedings,
1895 pp 25-26.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 22
KNIGHTS TEMPLARS OF CANADA
Odo St. Amond Perceptory #17 1876
Provincial Grand Prior 1882
Grand Pursuivant of Sovereign Grand Priory of Canada 1883
Chairman of the Committee on the Conditions of the Order
of the Temple in the Sovereign Great Priory of Canada
Adoniram Council #2 Royal and Select Masters 1875
Thrice Illustrious Master 1876
Grand Steward 1876
Grand Lecturer 1881
Grand Master 1882/85
Grand Recorder 1986/87
Honourary Inspector General 33 °Deg 1903
J.R.R. was inducted into the Interna-
tional Hockey Hall of Fame in 1947 for his
contribution in building the Ontario Hockey
Association (OHA) . The OHA began in 1890
and he was the sixth president and held the
position for six years 1899 - 1906. In 1907
the OHA passed the following resolution.
"That in view of the invaluable service to
the association and the game of hockey by
Mr. J. Ross Robertson he be elected a life
member of the association and the executi-
ve." His biographer says that J.R.R.
travelled with the Toronto Team, which he
founded and called the Simcoes, muffled in
a fur lined coat to watch most of their
games. He arranged for scores to be trans-
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 23
mitted to home bound fans by blasts from
the whistle of the Toronto Street Railway
Co. f s Steam generating plant. Doleful toots
His posthumous induction award into
the International Hockey Hall of Fame read
"Though never a player, Robertson
looked upon hockey as the sport that
most typified Canada and Canadian
youth. For this reason, he became
actively involved in the sport and in
1898 he began a six-year term as pres-
ident of the OHA. The same year, he
donated three trophies for annual
competition, designating one each to
be awarded the champions of senior,
intermediate and junior divisions.
Supporting his benevolence, in his
first speech to the OHA, Robertson
stated: "A manly nation is always fond
of manly sports. We want our boys to
be strong, vigorous and self-reliant
and must encourage athletics. Sport
should be pursued for its own sake"
He donated three cups for Hockey
Competition. These were for Senior, Inter-
mediate, and Junior competition. They were
made by eminent British Silversmiths from
special patterns. They are still presented
to-day. The Allan Cup series has the senior
and intermediate awards but has not been
8. International Hockey Hall of Fame,
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 24
presented for two years because it appears
that the cost of hockey is discouraging the
formation of teams. The Junior Cup in
Double A Series was won by Peterborough
SENATORSHIP AND KNIGHTHOOD
In early 1917 Prime Minister Borden
offered him an appointment to the Senate of
Canada and a knighthood for which he pol-
itely refused. Borden said he was the only
man in Canada who ever declined a
senatorship and a knighthood on the same
day. This was so unusual that the press had
a field day on the subject, and the Cana-
dian Press eventually printed a pamphlet
quoting all the newspaper comment. J.R.R.
Claimed that a "newspaperman must be free,
never accept favours, say what he thought,
be independent and fear no one. If he
accepted the appointments it is obvious
that he believed he would sacrifice his
JOHN ROSS ROBERTSON PUBLIC SCHOOL
Immediately following his death, the
Toronto Board of Education decided to name
a school after him. The Board Minutes of
July 13, 1918 read:
"Board decided that one of the new
schools to be built in the northern
section of the city be named John Ross
Robertson School in loving respect to
perpetuate the memory of late J.R.R.
(p.p. 163-164 Toronto Board of Educa-
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 25
Each year until about 1942 the
children of the School were taken to his
grave where a memorial service was held. As
long as the school bears his name he will
be remembered in the minds of children as
they celebrate successive anniversaries. I
think this would have pleased J.R.R. very
This is not masonry but it is the
community honouring a man who was a mason.
Few masons are continuously remembered by
children or even adults as J.R.R. is in
JOHN ROSS ROBERTSON LODGES
Fraternal organizations would also
enshrine his name following his death. The
Loyal Orange Order Lodge had John Ross
Robertson L.O.L. 2971 and the Grand Lodge
of Canada of Ancient Free and Accepted
Mason has John Ross Lodge #545.
HOSPITAL FOR SICK CHILDREN (H.S.C.)
In 1875 Toronto was a very unhealthy
city in which to live. There was poverty
and overcrowding. Garbage rotted in the
streets. People kept horses, cows, pigs and
chickens on their city lots. Water was not
purified. Milk was not pasteurized and
millions of flies infested the barns,
outhouses and kitchens. (The population of
Toronto was 68,000 and Bloor Street was the
northern border of the city.)
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 26
There were few hospitals for children
in the world. It was the thinking at the
time that children could be best cared for
at home with their mothers. When Mrs.
Elizabeth McMaster opened a hospital in a
small house on a street close to the pres-
ent H.S.C. with cots for children, there
was no rush to fill them due to this attit-
Masonic writers frequently attribute
J.R.R. as the founder of the Hospital but
he was not. His name is first mentioned in
188 3 in the minutes of the Ladies Committ-
Mrs. McMaster was very aggressive and
had tremendous drive. She learned very
early that the children's hospital service
had to be publicized and public appeals for
money were essential. Donors paid for cots
which meant being responsible for a child's
maintenance for a year. Prayer was lib-
erally used for the treatment of children
and for solutions for paying the accumu-
lated debts and maintenance problems.
J.R.R. f s wife was a volunteer at the
hospital and she prevailed upon him after
the death of their daughter to assist them
with his business experience.
He immersed himself in this philan-
thropic endeavour probably believing that
if there had been better treatment, his
daughter could have survived. He would give
many things to the city, including paint-
ings and even an ambulance imported from
England (1888) , but his greatest monument
left to the community is the H.S.C.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 27
During his 35 year involvement in every
phase of hospital administration he donated
at least $500,000 to the hospital.
The residue of his estate, nearly 10
million dollars, went to the hospital in
1954, the revenue from which can only be
used for hospital maintenance. This per-
petual benefit to date has probably real-
ized about 15 million dollars.
His first donation in 1883 was the
Lakeside Childrens Home built near Hanlans
Point on the Toronto Islands. Fresh air was
believed to be an effective means of treat-
ment. The convalescent hospital on the
island was to be a place "where the little
ones so long prisoners of their rooms and
beds could lie on a broad veranda breathing
the delightful breezes of the lake, watch-
ing the boats go by while we watched the
long vanished roses returning to their
cheeks". . . (9) . This form of treatment was
abandoned about 192 8 and from my estimate,
J.R.R. donated five such facilities.
He described the condition of his gift
in 1883 as follows: "Admission to the
Hospital for Sick Children on Elizabeth
Street as well as the Convalescent Home on
the Island should be forever open to the
children of masons belonging to the Grand
Lodge of Canada, that the name of the donor
should not be made public, that the dona-
tion should be known as a gift from a
Master Mason, that the city corporation
9. Annual Report of the Hospital for Sick
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 28
should grant a site for the building on the
J.R.R. did involve all masons for the
benefit of free treatment for their
children. The 1893 annual report listed the
Lodges and the money they gave which
amounted to $980.00. The 'Masonic Sun 1 in
1897 reported the hospital had a ward
called the "Masonic Ward" with seven cots
paid for by Masonic groups and individuals.
One was called the Grand Lodge of Canada
When the building on College Street
was being built, J.R.R. suggested that M.W.
Bro. R. W. Walkam of Kingston, Grand Master
of Ontario lay the cornerstone. The Ladies
Committee did not agree and on September 6,
1889 the mayor did the job. Sir John A.
McDonald presided over the proceedings.
J.R.R. did not attend.
The building was officially opened May
6, 1892. The architects were Darling &
Curry. Although J.R.R. had already donated
a memorial stained glass window in honour
of his wife and daughter, he built a Nurses
Residence in 1907 as another memorial to
them. He also introduced the first pas-
teurized milk processing unit in 1907 for
use by the hospital and the community.
Having served on the board since 1885
he was appointed chairman of the trustees
in 1891; needless to say, the authority of
the Ladies Committee would be curtailed. He
served as chairman until his death. His
last cheque in the amount of $111,000 was
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 29
issued a week before he died to make the
hospital debt free.
The H.S.C. is no longer a significant
charity of the Masons of Ontario who
donated to it for many years as recorded in
the Annual Reports of the H.S.C. He started
it for us but we did not follow through.
The reasons could be the subject of another
paper in itself. I suspect, though, that
there was no J.R.R. around to remind the
masons of their charitable responsibility.
I believe that no story on J.R.R. is com-
plete without inclusion of his tremendous
masonic charitable work for the H.S.C.
JOHN ROSS ROBERTSON HISTORICAL COLLECTION
I find it most interesting, that for
all the time J.R.R. spent in Museums,
Libraries and Archives in England, Europe
and United States, he disapproved so
adamantly of a newspaper library in his own
business. A library was not in operation in
the Telegram until after his death. At the
dissolution of the Telegram the clippings
went to the Toronto Sun and the pictures to
He knew better than anyone else what
the function, operation, and management of
a library should be. We learn about this
from his negotiation with the Toronto
Public Library on the subject of his dona-
tions to them from 1910 until his death.
His collection consisted of lithog-
raphs, photographs, engravings, paintings,
sketches of scenes, pictures of people,
events, books, manuscripts, letters,
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 30
diaries etc. He wanted a new building to
house the collection and the Library was
hoping that he would pay for it. He had
written and printed a 565 page index and
guide to the collection. The significance
of this collection is realized when prob-
ably no historical book on Canada can be
written without reference to the Historical
Collection. There seems to be no doubt that
the Toronto Public Library is proud of the
collection and has done incredibly well in
maintaining J.R.R.'s conditions on the
In 1910, from correspondence and
referring to his gift he said "the condi-
tion I make is that the pictures be placed
on exhibition in a room or rooms satisfac-
tory to me — they be cared for — covered
by insurance, catalogued and not for any
reason whatever be lent to any person or
persons or removed from the library — and
the collection be known as the J.Ross
Robertson Collection 11 (10) . At first he
gave 558 paintings and at the official
opening of the collection on January 29,
1912, J.R.R. said, "It has been a labour of
love to gather up the fragments of pioneer
history in the form of pictures that in
point of time cover the period from the day
the flag of Britain first waved over the
ancient capital of Quebec to the days of
about 30 years ago. In point of distance,
these pictures illustrate the growth of
communities from Newfoundland in the east
to Vancouver in the west. I have had a
10. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1910.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 31
great deal of pleasure in accumulating
these treasures that recall the early
victories of our soldiers and the triumphs
of our pioneers. I have still greater
pleasure in parting with this collection,
in putting it where it will do the most
good in teaching the young and rising
generation to recall the days of Old (11) .
By 1914 he had given 1900 pictures. The
total donations is upwards of 5,000. 3600
people had visited the public display in
By 1916 he wanted to give his maps
with these conditions.
"Proper cases should be provided with
Lock & Key.
No maps or plans be loaned.
Inspections of these by applicants
should be made in the presence of an
If sketches or tracings are done, they
should be done in a room where the
cases are in the presence of an offic-
The board committed itself to all his
conditions. They remain in effect to-day.
The collection is in the Baldwin Room and a
Librarian is present.
MASONIC HISTORICAL LIBRARY COLLECTION
The estimates of his masonic books
range from 1,000 to 3,000. There is no
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 32
information available to me that he negoti-
ated giving his collection to the Toronto
Public Library before his death as he did
with the historical collection. There was
no catalogue made of the masonic collect-
ion. His will was very specific in that he
wanted the collection to be held for refer-
ence only. It reads as follows:
"All my Masonic library, which com-
prises about one thousand volumes and
manuscripts, to be placed in a section
of the Reference Department of the
said Library, with the Masonic volumes
given some years ago to the Toronto
Public Library Board by the Masonic
Hall Board of Trustees of the Temple
Building, the same to be catalogued
and the catalogue to be printed within
one year from the date of the delivery
thereof to the Public Library, and if
the said catalogue shall not be made
and printed within the said year I
bequeath the said Masonic Library to
the Secretary of the Grand Lodge of
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of
Canada for the use of the Craft."
The one year deadline gave the Library
an ideal opportunity to refuse the collec-
tion because of their already cramped
facilities. The minutes of the Library
Board Finance Committee dated October 7,
1919 read as follows:
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 33
"One year has now passed. We have not
got all the books yet, and therefore
could not have made out the catalogue
in its entirety. On the other hand,
since the Masonic Order has a new
large Temple in Toronto, and to it
naturally would go members of the
Craft who wish for historical informa-
tion it seemed to me as Chief Librar-
ian of the Public Library that it
would be wiser for us to hand over to
the Masonic Order our rights in these
books. We have a fairly large collec-
tion of books on Masonry in the
Library at the present time for which
there is practically no demand. It is
altogether likely that at the Temple
people would be much more interested
in these books. I have had discussion
with Mr. Chadwick on the matter and he
seems to think that this is a reason-
able way of looking at it. I would
like, however, to have authorization
from the Public Library Board to the
effect that the Chief Librarian could
take this matter up with Mr. Chadwick
and Mr. Malone as representing the
Masonic Order. 1 '
The result of this, of course was the
motion of October 15, 1919 in the same
committee which reads as follows:
"Moved by Sir Glenholme Falconbridge,
Seconded by Mr. Lee, and
Resolved, That the Masonic Library
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 34
mentioned in the will of the late John
Ross Robertson be handed over to the
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of
Free and Accepted Masons of Ontario
for the use of the Craft."
Fourteen years had passed before the
Masons of Ontario realized what they had
indirectly inherited from the John Ross
Robertson Estate, at which time a decision
was made to start a circulating library and
N.W.S. Haydon was appointed the first
Comments in the Grand Lodge Proceed-
ings of 1934 indicate that John Ross
Robertson preferred a reference library for
research purposes and would have adamantly
opposed a circulation policy. However, even
though John Ross Robertson books were never
put on the circulation list, a large number
were lost over the years.
The Toronto Public Library, on the
other hand, has rigidly maintain the refer-
ence aspect of their historical collection
and all the circulars, pamphlets and papers
which were given to them by John Ross
Robertson are well preserved.
In recent years the major portion of
the Grand Lodge Library has been moved from
Toronto to Hamilton. About 600 books are in
Hamilton and the books purchased or donated
when the Grand Lodge library was at 888
Yonge Street remain in Toronto. The library
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 35
in Toronto is still operated by volunteers
with little or no librarian skills. It is
not open in the summer and the budget is
small. The manuscripts are in desperate
need of preservation. They are not handled
with proper procedure for the preservation
of rare books and manuscripts.
Again, we in Heritage Lodge have a
responsibility to know where we want to go
in establishing a library. At least this
should include a good strong Grand Lodge
Library with minimal professional standards
and a budget large enough to renew the
Brethren, this lodge exists to be
concerned with these issues. Let us try to
preserve what little we have left of
J.R.R.'s Masonic Historical Collection. We
have to be tolerant of low utilization
rates by Masons; this is a characteristic
of all masonic libraries.
I believe that J.R.R. was an authentic
historian. He researched and presented his
findings. Like all historians, his analysis
of conclusions may not always be conclusive
or easily understood in relation to his
In John Hamill f s article on 'Masonic
History and Historians 1 in volume 99 of the
Quator Coronati Lodge 2076 proceedings, he
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 36
mentions that the founders of the lodge
coined the phrase "authentic or scientific"
school. J.R.R. was definitely a member of
this school because of his association with
the early masonic historians who were
founders of the lodge. He was most cer-
tainly not in the non authentic school of
"esoteric, the mystical, the symbolist and
the romantic" which are the other cate-
gories Hamill mentions.
Probably the most significant indica-
tion of the value and importance of his
historical contribution is that the Royal
Society of Canada founded in 1882, made
J.R.R. a Fellow of their Society in 1914
for his writing and literary skills con-
tained in his 'Diary of Mrs. Simcoe 1 and
f Robertons f s Landmarks of Toronto 1 (six
The following is a list of some of his
Masonic publications and pamphlets which I
have been able to locate:
2. Three Lectures on Symbolism
3. Lectures on Symbolism - Mark Master
The above three have no date or pub-
lisher and are in the possession of Bro.
4 . Address on Voting at Grand Lodge given
to Past Masters Association of the
Toronto District in the Temple Buildi-
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 37
ng, November 28, 1908. In the pos-
session of the U.G.L. of E Library.
5. By-Laws and History of King Solomon's
Lodge A.F. A.M. #22 GRC, Toronto, Ont,
1896, M.W.Bro. David Spry 1845-1867,
M.W. Bro . J. Ross Robertson 1868-96.
Robertson, J.Ross, - The History of Free-
masonry in Canada , The Hunter, Rose Co.
Ltd., Publishers, Toronto, 1899, Vols. 1 &
Robertson, J.Ross, - History of the Cryptic
Rite, Hunter, Rose & Co., Toronto, 1888.
Robertson, J.Ross, - The History of The
Knights Templars of Canada , Hunter, Rose
Co., Toronto, 1890.
Robertson, J.Ross, - Talks with Craftsmen ,
Hunter, Rose & Co., Toronto, 1890.
The two volumes on Freemasonry in
Canada is his monument to Freemasonry. Few
masons to-day realize the value of this
book to our Grand Lodge and Canadian Free-
masons. Two pamphlets on John Ross
Robertson written by Bro. Morang of George
N. Morang Ltd. dated 1901 are of consider-
able interest to understanding the back-
ground of the two volume history on Free-
masonry in Canada.
The pamphlets were published to market
Volume I and II of J.R.R.'s History of
Freemasonry in Canada. It would appear from
this that the sale of the 2000 volumes was
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 38
not an immediate success. The pamphlets
"Hunting for Manuscripts" and "Hunting for
Pictures" are verbatim interviews of
J.R.R.'s diligent and thorough search with
anecdotes on his research experiences. By
his own estimate, he says it took 16 years,
but adds "truth not time was the essence of
the contract. I wanted facts, all capable
of proof by documentary evidence - not
filmy tradition, and therefore the time
occupied would run into years." Other
observations are that he travelled 22,000
miles and spent about $18,000 (Masonic Sun
1897) . Three quarters of the 500 engravings
in the two volumes are from original docu-
ments and he read over 33,000 pages of
Masonic Manuscripts to publish 2175 pages.
Hard cover copies sold at $6.50 per set and
soft cover sold for $4.50. At these prices
J.R.R. certainly did not recover his orig-
He admits to having 10,000 Canadian
pictures and portraits of which about 2,000
are connected with freemasonry. A review of
the Grand Lodge Library collection indi-
cates that we have about 2 00 pictures in
Scrapbooks L & M. In the J.R.R. historical
collections it is estimated that there are
another 100 masonic pictures. Scrapbooks D,
E, F, G, & H are missing from both collect-
ions. Is it possible that these have been
lost from our Grand Lodge collection?
The significance of pictures in his
historical writings are expressed in his
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 39
own words, "pictures fix in the memory much
that might without them pass into oblivio-
In the advertisement at the back of
the pamphlets mentioned above is a quote
from Robert F. Gould, author of the General
History of Freemasonry,
"The work is in the highest degree
satisfactory, nor could the Masonic
History of England's most important
colony have been presented in clearer
or more picturesque form.
The book is a library in itself, a
model of diction and arrangement, and
a striking example of originality and
power. . . . There is no doubt whatever
of the position it will occupy for all
time in the literature of the craft".
Bro. Wm. James Hugham says in the
introduction to Volume I of the History of
Freemasonry in Canada.
"In the first place, this History has
no equal of the class either as
respects its magnitude, its originali-
ty, its interest and attractiveness,
its literary skill, or its conspicuous
success. . .
I cordially bear my testimony to the
accuracy of Bro. Robertson's able and
concise digest of the early history of
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 40
the Craft, and feel assured it will be
much appreciated by brethren in
Canada, who consult the first Volume
for Masonic information beyond the
confines of their own Grand Lodge, and
so by others in the several Provinces
of that widespread and prosperous
Dominion. . . .
There is not another such Treatise
that so concisely explains all the
Geographical or Territorial character-
istics of British North America in
relation to the origin and spread of
the Fraternity, and from a numis-
matical standpoint the third Chapter
is of considerable utility: all the
mysteries of Colonial Currency being
clearly described and explained by a
master-hand. Heraldry has also been
ably treated from a Masonic point of
view, the numerous explanations and
illustrations relating thereto adding
much to the instructive and useful
character of the Work" .
It is not my intention to comment on
the histories of the Knights Templar and
the Cryptic Rite because reviews of these
are equal to the History of Freemasonry in
Canada. "Talks with Craftsmen (1890)" was
published with a view to raising funds for
the Hospital for Sick Children. It cost
$2.00 and there may have been two editions.
The book contains copies of his own writ-
ings and speeches or excerpts from both.
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 41
He called them "unpretentious jottings".
He wanted the book to be an inspiration to
Masons who purchased it. The following is
an example of his sentiments.
"Thoughts like seeds of golden grain,
have germs of life within. May I,
therefore, hope that what I have
pencilled in moments of leisure
snatched from the crowded hours of an
active business life, will be appreci-
ated by all who possess love for Craft
work, who desire to see it prosper,
and who never falter in the honest
effort to keep our brotherhood pure
free from those who enter our fold for
revenue only, our primal object being
to live our life out on the lines laid
down at the altar, and avoid the dan-
gers that await the Craft as it prog-
resses on a pathway that leads ever
onward and upward."
In these publications we have heritage
Fred Branscombe, Malcolm Montgomery
and Balfour Le Gresley have proposed this
year that the Lodge should begin a project
to republish his histories. While the
practicality of this has not been explored
or accepted as a Lodge priority, I think it
should be considered.
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 42
KING SOLOMON'S PLOT
A 1940 pamphlet by the Masonic Board
of Relief describes the story of this
monument which is in the Mount Pleasant
Cemetery, Toronto and is called The King
In 1883 J.R.R. purchased the lot and
the condition of his donation was "that he
is desirous of providing a burial ground
for the interment of such poor and indigent
Masons legally and lawfully admitted mem-
bers of the order known as A.F. & A.M.'s as
may die without having provided for their
interment or whose interment it may be
desired by the proper representatives of
the Masonic Order". The Masonic Board of
Relief, subsequently the Masonic Service
Guild and in January 1990 will become The
Masonic Service Guild and Bureau have the
responsibility of managing this plot for
Royal Arch, Royal & Select Master, Percep-
tory of Knights Templar and Ancient and
Accepted Scottish Rite Masons who may be
In recent time the Masonic Service
Guild has held an annual remembrance ser-
vice at the cemetery plot. This is in my
opinion one of the more significant heri-
tage programs but unfortunately it is under
advertised and not too well attended.
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 43
The Guild reserves burial spaces here
for only "poor and indigent Masons for whom
no provision has been made".
In the present day the Guild needs to
look at J.R.R.'s second request, "or whose
interment it may be desired by the proper
representatives of the Masonic Order" .
The last Mason buried there was in 1984.
There are numerous spaces left for convent-
ional burial and the modern trend to crema-
tion makes the plot available for unlimited
Indigent burial is not a popular
concept to-day. Many fraternal societies
have changed their policy in this regard.
Poverty is not as severe now as it was in
J.R.R.'s times. I believe there are many
masons who would request burial if the
Guild trustees would modernize their con-
cept. It is my opinion that there is noth-
ing legally or morally incorrect with such
The King Solomon's Plot did not get a
Grave Marker until June 24, 1893. Funds
were raised through the Past Masters Asso-
ciation of Toronto. The unveiling of the
monument was another spectacular community
event. The 1893 proceedings of Grand Lodge
describes the event:
The ceremony took place on Saturday,
June 24th, the festival of St. John
the Baptist, and was distinguished by
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 44
probably the largest out-door Craft
demonstration ever witnessed in
Toronto. The attire of the brethren
was a noticeable feature, all being
garbed in dark clothing, wearing white
gloves and blue lodge aprons, while
not a baker's dozen out of nearly
eight hundred were without the conven-
tional black silk hat. In rear of the
procession,- which was piloted by the
regimental band of the Queen's Own
Rifles, walked the past and present
Grand Lodge Officers in full regalia.
Some four thousand citizens had
assembled at the cemetery by the time
the special trains from the city had
conveyed the brethren to their destin-
ation, but admirable order was
The monument, which is 28 feet high,
is a column of polished granite, sur-
mounted by a globe, on which are
raised, in gold, the square and comp-
On the pedestal is the inscription:
"Erected to the dead of the Craft
by the Freemasons of Toronto"
The plinth bears the record that the
plot was presented in 1883 by M.W.
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 45
The demonstration and ceremony were
carried out with a promptitude and
final success that invariably charac-
terize the united action of the Toron-
to brethren, and that they created a
favourable impression upon the outer
world, goes without saying.
Celebrations of the kind just
described is the way in which we should
celebrate a Masonic Heritage event. If it
is not done properly it is really a non
event for Masons.
MASONIC TEMPLE FOR TORONTO
J.R.R.'s involvement in documenting
and working for the development of lodge
buildings was indeed monumental. His his-
torical interest in documenting through
visual means the masonic buildings where
lodges met contributes to our architectural
heritage in Freemasonry and the community.
As far back as 1884 a book called 'Toronto
Past and Present 1 lists John Ross Robertson
as the President of the Toronto Street Hall
Masonic Trust and the Victoria Street Hall
Masonic Trust. We know that he served on
the Masonic Hall Trust for at least 25
years and was Chairman for 5 years.
The Masonic Temple Corporation was
formed on November 23, 1912. A small lodge
building with commercial involvement was
originally proposed to be built on Spadina
Road. This was about 1910. There was a
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 46
great deal of interest in a new temple
because all the lodges were renting unsuit-
able accommodation. This was especially
true at the Temple Building on Bay street,
Gloucester Building on Yonge Street, and
the Toronto Street, Masonic Building.
J.R.R. and the masons of the day were
seeking a single purpose building for
Freemasonry. A concept which we are now
seeing as not being too practical.
The Temple Corporations held a compe-
tition to construct a modern Masonic Home
to be built on Spadina Road. The prize
design was submitted and accepted from H.
P. Knowles of New York.
The objective as detailed in a 1914
prospectus was to obtain a Masonic Home
dedicated solely to Freemasonry. "When one
considers the financial and numerical
strength of the Craft in the City of
Toronto, the want of a suitable Masonic
home will be matter of reproach to the
enterprise of the brethren in the City.
There is no city in the United States of
anything like the size and importance of
the capital city of the Province of Ontario
which has not a suitable building erected
for and devoted to the uses of the Masonic
fraternity, and the opportunity is now
presented for the brethren of Toronto to be
equally well accommodated at an early date.
Our new home, as herein designed, would
meet not only the immediate needs of the
Craft at the present time but is designed
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 47
upon a scale which will amply justify the
loyalty and enthusiasm of the members of
the Craft wherever located."
By 1916 a new group of Directors
issued another prospectus proposing a third
building for the present Davenport prope-
rty, which was a second property owned by
the Masonic Temple Corporation. A decision
at a meeting of October 19, 1916 gave up
the Spadina property and the award winning
design. This was probably due to the cost
and the event of the war. According to Ted
Burton, we really do not know the real
reason. The Davenport lot had been bought
by B. Allen and in 1906 transferred to
Ashlar Lodge #24 6 who were promoting the
smaller building with commercial involvem-
The Davenport building was very simi-
lar in plan to the building which won the
award but was not accepted. J.R.R. was not
necessarily a principle donator to the new
Temple but he most certainly gave his
support to the cause. On his death, the
Telegram held only 130 shares in the
Masonic Temple Corporation.
According to the Telegram, at the
Corner Laying Ceremony on October 17, 1917,
J.R.R. showed his devotion to the property
by saying, "Whatever I have done was done
because I wanted to see the Craft in a home
of its own. I want to say that from my
heart that this is the happiest day of my
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 48
own Masonic life. . . . The Masons of
Toronto ceased to be tenants and became
The planning leading up to building
the largest Masonic Temple in Canada was
the result of a co-operative effort by the
Toronto Masons. Today, however, there is a
debt of 1.2 million dollars on the building
and a new energetic group is leading us
into another phase. This building has stood
as a symbol of the strength of the Masonic
Order and it must continue to do so regard-
less of our trials and tribulations. The
work ahead for us in reducing the debt is
just another example of fulfilling our
J.R.R. died six months after the stone
laying ceremony. It is said that he died
for Freemasonry. Judge D.F. Macwatt P.G.M.,
said he had been very sick and he persisted
in going out at night on the campaign to
eliminate the $73,000 debt on the Masonic
Temple at 888 Yonge Street.
THE CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION
Every historian loves to celebrate an
historical anniversary and J.R.R. was no
exception to this rule. His favourite
speech to Freemasons was "The History of
the Craft in this Country during the Past
Century" . I am sure it had variations
because it was given so many times.
11. Letter to the Public Library Board from
John Ross Robertson, May 12, 1916.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 49
In his two volume history of Free-
masonry in Canada he outlines various
Proclamation to divide the Country
into Upper and Lower Canada - December
Proclamation to divide Lower Canada
into electoral District — July 16,
1792 and signed by William Jarvis
William Jarvis appointed Provincial
Grand Master of Upper Canada — March
7, 1792 by Athol , Grand Lodge of Engl-
As Grand Master in 1891, J.R.R. in
appointing a Centennial Committee said:
The incoming year brings with it the
Centennial of the Craft in this juris-
diction. One hundred years ago the
first Provincial Grand Lodge of Upper
Canada opened in Niagara, Ontario, and
at the same time the pioneer Craft
Lodge of this city, "Rawdon, or the
Lodge between the Lakes, No. 4 08,
E.R. 11 was at work within sight of this
Grand East. I propose at this meeting
appointing the committee ordered by
Grand Lodge in 1889, to consider how
this important event may be celebrated
in a fitting manner (12) .
In his second year as G.M. he com-
12. Grand Lodge Proceedings, 1891
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 50
One hundred years ago the first Craft
Provincial Grand Lodge met at Niagara.
It was known as the Provincial Grand
Lodge of Upper Canada, and was war-
ranted by the Ancient or Athol Grand
Lodge of England, on the 7th March,
1792, with R.W. Bro. Wm. Jarvis as
Provincial Grand Master. Acting on
the recommendation of Grand Lodge at
its last annual communication, I have
appointed a committee to arrange the
details of the celebration, so that
the occasion may be appropriately
observed. This committee will report
to Grand Lodge at this communication,
in order that they may be in a posi-
tion to carry out the proposals made.
Grand Lodge may feel assured that
every effort will be made to make the
commemoration one worthy of the Craft
in this jurisdiction.
The Centennial Committee reported and
the following is a quote from the 1892
The Committee on the celebration of
the Centenary of Freemasonry in Upper
Canada beg to report that they met in
accordance with instructions from the
Grand Master, and decided upon a cel-
ebration to be held in Toronto on
October 2nd, 3rd and 4th, and that a
careful estimate of the expenses shows
that the sum of at least twelve hun-
dred dollars would be required to
carry out this programme in a manner
befitting the dignity of Grand Lodge.
They therefore ask Grand Lodge to
subscribe $1000 to the Guarantee Fund,
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 51
the unexpended balance, if any, to be
returned to Grand Lodge.
It was moved by V.W. Bro. G.S. Ryer-
son, seconded by R.W. Bro. Wm. Roaf,
That the Report of the Centennial
Committee be received and adopted.
The resolution was put to Grand Lodge,
and declared lost (13) .
Undaunted and undoubtedly very hurt
J.R.R. dug in and with the Past Masters of
Toronto held a church service to commemor-
ate the centennial anniversary at the
Metropolitan United Church on December 18,
1892 and on Dec. 27, 1892 held a Masonic
banquet with ladies present. It was clearly
(in my opinion) a non Grand Lodge event.
The members wore centennial medals and a
beautiful souvenir program was issued.
On the medal the Grand Lodge Crest is
conspicuously absent. On one side it says
"Centenary of Freemasonry Canada - Cel-
ebrated at Toronto December 27, 1892" and
on the other is a floral wreath and in the
centre a square and compass without a G and
the ever present beaver on the top. It was
said that the souvenir program would be of
historic interest because it had photo-
graphs of the Lodge at the Old Fort York
1797, the Lodge in Market Lane occupied
1820 to 1848 and the then present Masonic
Hall building on Toronto Street. I am not
aware of any copy surviving today.
The 1893 proceedings of Grand Lodge
give very apologetic comments on the event:
13. Grand Lodge Proceedings, 1892.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 52
THE CENTENARY CELEBRATIONS
The centennial year of Masonry in
Ontario is now a matter of history,
and it is with pardonable pride that I
now revert to the unalterable fact
that to my brethren of the Queen City
of the West belongs the distinguished
honour of keeping green in the memory
of the Craft the struggles and achiev-
ements of our Masonic pioneers, and
commemorating their noble deeds in the
celebration of the One Hundredth anni-
versary of the establishment of our
cherished fraternity in this fair
province. While we congratulate our-
selves that Toronto conceived and
carried out to a glorious issue the
proper observation of a momentous
event, the reflection that it was
confined to Toronto occasions a senti-
ment of genuine sorrow, that the Craft
at large was not a participant. The
opportunity of making it a period of
general rejoicing was missed, because
of the prejudices of a popularity-
seeking brother, who discerned nothing
in the proposal beyond an excuse to
afford the Toronto brethren a chance
That such an argument prevailed in
Grand Lodge must surely be a cause of
lasting regret to the brethren at
large, but while we can afford to
forgive the fraternal peculiarities
that prompted so uncharitable a sent-
iment, we feel confident that Grand
Lodge will appreciate the action of
the Toronto brethren, and applaud a
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 53
motive that was born in a spirit of
patriotism, as well as of affection
for our time-honoured Craft (14) .
I have gone into considerable detail
about the centennial programme because I
wanted to illustrate several points.
Firstly, J.R.R. felt very strongly
about this event. He had been planning it
in his mind for some time. It was to be a
big celebration; three days long. We in
Heritage Lodge have a duty to recognize
masonic historical anniversaries. This is
one of our objectives when we were duly
warranted. It is one way of preserving our
past. So I ask brethren, what are we going
to do in 1992.
Secondly, you will be interested to
know that these two events (the Banquet and
Church Service) occupied about 10 columns
of Telegram newspaper print. When masons
and their meetings stopped becoming news,
because J.R.R. was no longer with us, we
lost a great deal. Through the efforts of
our Past Grand Master last year we may
regain some of the prominence in the com-
munity. The lesson we should have learned
is that Masonry can not survive in isolat-
ion from the community in which masons
live. Masonry was in all phases of J.R.R. ' s
life and he always worked towards making
freemasonry part of the community.
Thirdly, my perceptions of J.R.R. was
that he looked to the future as much as he
looked into the past. He built his business
on keeping up with the ti mes. He constantly
14. Grand Lodge Proceedings, 1893.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 54
lpdated the Hospital. He frequently chast-
ised members of the fraternity when he saw
weaknesses or signs of decay. He certainly
iid not want us to forget the bicentennial
celebration so he prepared a time capsule
|THE 1992 TIME CAPSULE
J.R.R. gave the masons a Time Capsule
i/hich will be opened in 1992. Freezing time
through a time capsule is becoming a favou-
rite activity to-day. There is a company
which manufactures and sells plastic time
capsules. Time capsules however, have been
used since the beginning of time. Examples
are Egyptian tombs, sealed statuettes,
contents of corner stones etc. People want
to leave something of themselves for the
future and J.R.R. again was no exception.
His sensitivity for things that were
historical and the importance of historical
events made him think about the future.
Preserving the past for the future as he
did through his books is evidence of this
type of thinking. His estate planning
through appointment of trustees for the
management of the Telegram and the final
payment of his endowment to the Hospital
for Sick Children are further projections
of himself into the future.
The question for all time capsules is
what to put in them and how to maintain the
memory of them for future generations.
J.R.R. decided that it would be placed in
an envelope about 6x4 inches and placed
in an institution that he personally
J. ft ROBERTSON Page 55
trusted and to which he was most endeared.
This was the Toronto Public Library. It
opened in March, 1889 for the purpose of
loaning books free of charge to the public.
To keep the memory of the Time Capsule
alive, it is possible that he thought
freemasons would always be involved in
managing the Library as the first Chief
Librarian was a Mason. He also requested
and got a legal commitment for the Public
Library to store the Time Capsule envelope
and give it to the Grand Master in 1992.
The minutes of the Toronto Public
Library Board, January 13, 1893, read as
Your committee has received from Mr.
J. R. Robertson for safe custody a
small package to be opened on the 27th
December 1993 (should be 1992) by the
Grand Master of Freemasons in this
Province or the District Deputy Grand
Master of the Toronto Masonic Dist-
On the parcel is written:
The Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of
Canada in the Province of Ontario
The District Deputy Grand Master of
the Toronto District (the 11th - Dis-
This parcel is to be preserved in the
public Library Toronto and opened by the
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 56
above on the 27th December 1992 at the
celebration of the second centennial.
On the reverse side it reads:
"To be opened
27th December 1992
J.R. Robertson ( signature)
Toronto, January 13, 1893
In accordance with the wishes of J.R.R.
Esq. the Board of Management of the Toronto
Public Library ordered the package to be
deposited in the vault. My successor will
oblige by strictly confirming to Mr. Rober-
(Signed) James Bain,
James Bain, Chief Librarian from 1883
- 1908 was, of course, an active Mason and
is mentioned frequently in masonic refer-
ence of his time.
It certainly is a credit to the
Toronto Public Library that the capsule has
been kept by them at least up to 1980 when
I personally verified that it was still in
their safe keeping. Grand Lodge had no
knowledge of its existence.
Credit for maintaining the memory of
the Time Capsule must also go to W.Bro.
Fred Mann, P.M. of Ashlar #247 who
received a leather folder containing a
picture of the capsule from Charles Robert
Sanderson, Chief Librarian and W.M. of
Ashlar Lodge #247 about 1939.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 57
Charlie Sanderson might have thought
the memory of it could be lost. In 1980
Fred Mann passed the responsibility for the
memory of this to Paul Morgan, P.M. of
Ashlar #247 in the same way he had received
it forty years previously.
I speculate that with Grand Lodge
turning down the decision to celebrate the
100th year anniversary, J.R.R. may have
thought they would not be interested in
keeping the document so he entrusted it to
the Public Library.
We have not long to wait now to see
what the envelope contains and I thought we
may want to have some heritage fun to-
night. For anyone wishing to guess what is
in the envelope, I have provided cards and
envelopes. Please put your Name, Lodge, and
Masonic rank on the card with your predict-
ion of what is contained in the time cap-
sule envelope. We will open these envelopes
in this Lodge after Grand Lodge opens the
Time capsule in 1992. Could it be that
J.R.R. has a secret to tell us, a welcome
for us, a prediction. What was his motiva-
tion, I wonder?
I have told this story to emphasize
the importance that J.R.R. placed on the
celebration of 100 years and we in Heritage
have a responsibility to recognize anniver-
saries as a way of maintaining the memory
of historical events. The Bicentenary is a
celebration for every Freemason, every
Lodge and every Grand Lodge. So let us plan
now to make it a good one.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 58
J.R.R. was not a collector of masonic
jewels, aprons, memento's etc. It is said
that what he had was kept in his office.
It may also be said that what he had or
kept in this line was of the best quality.
I found that his collection of chairs
are the most interesting. He has about 11
of these and they had been put on public
display at the Canadian National Exhibition
in 1904. The one Chair which has the most
interest to us is the Masonic Chair. The
description is as follows:
THE MASONIC CHAIR
On the 24th June, 1717, the festival
of St. John the Baptist, the brethren
of four of the old Masonic Lodges of
England, met at the "Goose and Grid-
iron Ale House," in London Yard, on
the north side of St. Paul's Church-
yard, London, and formed the original
Grand Lodge of England. The meeting
was in the first floor room of this
celebrated Ale House, which had been
destroyed by the great fire of 1666
and rebuilt in 1686. Mr. Robertson,
knowing the history of the building
and its Masonic connection, had a
chair made out of the oak joists which
supported the floor of the room where
the Masons met to form the first Grand
Lodge. The members of this Grand Lodge
of England gathered at their meeting
in 1717 were men of small means.
Probably a few hundred pounds would
cover the united wealth of the less
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 59
than a dozen brethren assembled, but
their work of organization has had
great results, for the Grand Lodge of
England, the mother Grand Lodge of the
world, gives away every year to its
Schools for Girls and Boys, and in
gifts to poor and indigent Masons a
sum that averages about $365,000 year-
ly, or about $1,000 a day, a magnifi-
cent testimony to the great work done
by Masonry during the past two cent-
In this chair all the Grand Masters of
the Grand Lodge of Canada are
installed when that body meets in
This chair is now in the Chisholm Temple
and the inscription is under the seat. The
remaining chairs were given to the Public
Library and the University of Toronto. I
have recently identified one to be on
display in Casa Loma.
In closing, I would like to quote from
his faithful employee, Owen Staples, who
was the Telegram's cartoonist and one of
J.R.R. f s commissioned artists. At the
opening of the Evening Telegram Building on
Dupont Street in 1921 he said, "His name
will live for generations through his
life's work which is a lasting monument to
My comment is that we are here to-
night to ensure that this will happen for
generations to come.
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 60
Braithwaite, Max, Sick Kid's - The Story of
the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto ,
McClelland & Stewart Ltd., Toronto, 1974.
Branscombe, Dr. Frederic R. , ZETA : A
Centennial Celebration , B.H. & F.M. Brown
Ltd., Toronto, 1885-1985, 124 p.p.
Branscombe, Dr. Frederic R. , Scottish Rite
Freemasonry in the Valley of Toronto. The
Story of the First Century .
Foley, Roy S. and Harrington, Walter S.,
A History of The Grand Lodge A.F. & A.M.
of Canada in the Province of Ontario 1855-
1955 , McCallum Press Ltd., Toronto.
Houston, Cecil J. and Smith, William H. ,
The Sash Canada Wore : A Historical Geogra-
phy of the Orange Order in Canada , Toronto,
1980, 980 p.p.
McLeod, Wallace, Whence Come We : Free-
masonry in Ontario . Grand Lodge A.F. & A.M.
of Canada in the Province of Ontario,
Poulton, Ron, The Paper Tyrant , Clark Irwin
and Co., Toronto 1991.
Taylor, John E. , John Ross Robertson ,
Freemason, Canadian Masonic Research Assoc-
iation, May 16, 1961. Reprinted and Bound,
The Papers of the Canadian Masonic Research
Association, Volume II.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 61
PROCEEDINGS , Grand Chapter
PAMPHLETS, Titles in Canada in 1917
The Coronation Chair, 1904
BIOGRAPHIES, Biography Index, Vol. 9 & 11.
Dictionary of North American
Authors deceased before 1950.
MacMillan Dictionary of Cana-
dian Biography 4th ed. , 1978.
Oxford Companion to Canadian
History and Literature.
Appleton's Cyclopedia of Ameri-
can Biography, 6 Vols.
JOURNALS, 'John Ross Robertson, uncommon
publisher for the common
reader: his first years as a
Toronto book publisher 1 . by
Douglas Lochhead, Journal of
Canadian Studies Vol II, No. 2
I am greatly indebted to the following
persons for their assistance: George
Bradshaw, Fred Branscombe, Frank Bruce, Ted
Burton, R.E. Davies, Edward Elcombe, James
Gerrard, Norman Gordon, Eric Holt, Frank
Knapton, Nate Korn, Reg. Medhurst, Norman
Richie (L.O.L), Martin Van Wamelin, George
Wilkes, Staff of: Toronto School Board
Archives, U of T. Rare Book, Toronto Sun
Library, Toronto Public Library - Baldwin
J.R. ROBERTSON Page 62
"The paper tyrant" by Ron Poulton.
The Telegram, May 23, 1942
Talks with Craftsmen
Grand Chapter of Canada proceedings,
1895 pp. 25-26
8. International Hockey Hall of Fame,
9. Annual Report of the Hospital for sick
10. Letter to the Public Library Board
from John Ross Robertson, May 12,
11. Ibid, May 12, 1916.
12. Grand Lodge Proceedings, 1891.
This paper was summarized for presentation
in the lodge. Illustrated slides, using
some of John Ross Robertson's own pictures,
were used to highlight some of the inter-
esting items in this lecture.
J. R. ROBERTSON Page 63
MASONRY AND RELIGION*
R. W. Bro. William Fairley
In January of this year I received the
fall copy of "The Canadian Mason", within
which is an article concerning "Masonry and
Religion". This article does both Religion
and Masonry a great dis-service and I am
very disappointed. It underlines an ongoing
problem that is fought within the religious
community and masonry. The article is one
of confrontation rather than dialogue and
mutual understanding. I think it is extre-
mely important that there be dialogue
rather than challenging one another, or
accusing one another, with counter chal-
lenges coming from one side or the other.
There is a distinction, as we know,
between Religion and Masonry that can only
be defined within the individual human
mind. A man's religion is what he does with
his own solitude; the silence of his own
* Transcript of a f talk f presented by R.W.
Bro. Fairley at the Regular Meeting of The
Heritage Lodge held in the Masonic Lodge
Building, Lindsay, Ontario, March 24, 1990.
MASONRY AND RELIGION
At the beginning of the proceedings this
afternoon Worshipful Sir, when acting on
behalf of the Chaplain, you shared with us
the fact that there was a practice in The
Heritage Lodge, that from the alter you
have a meditation and prayer. The Grand
Master or his advisors apparently asked you
to discontinue this practice. I am trying
to read their minds, but I assume the
decision was based upon the fact, that such
a practice has too much of a religious
connotation. If this was their reasoning,
they are quite entitled to make such a
ruling. However, what they would never
think of doing, what they must never try to
do of course is, give an order to the
effect that while we are sitting in these
seats, we dare not in the silence of our
own mind and heart offer a prayer to the
Deity. So there it is Master. While listen-
ing to the beautiful presentation of the
meditation to-day, neither the Grand Lodge
nor any other worldly authority can say to
any individual, you dare not pray silently
in your own seat; therefore do not be hurt
or disappointed that the meditations are
discontinued, we are not a religious organ-
ization, we are a fraternity.
Now Worshipful Sir, I want to share some
other thoughts. I am not claiming to say
anything new, but how I understand Masonry.
I hope and pray there is something, in some
part of what I have to say, that is mean-
ingful to others.
My sources of information are: The Volume
of the Sacred Law; Our Ritual; and two
Theological Books. These books are written
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 65
by eminent German scholars during the Nazi
era. One has the title "Creation and Fall",
a Theological Interpretation of Geneses 1
to 3 by Dietrich Bonhoeffer; he was a
German Theologian who remained in Germany
throughout the Nazi regime; was imprisoned
during the war, and put to death by the
Nazi just a few weeks before the liberation
of Germany. He stood firmly by his convic-
tions concerning the power of God in rela-
tion to mankind.
Another book from which I gained some of
the things I wish to share with you was
also written by a German Theologian, Paul
Tillich. He was one of the most prominent
theologians of the 2 0th century. He left
Germany during the early nineteen thirties,
taught in Princeton Theological College in
the United States, and wrote many books.
The book I have particularly in mind is
"Morality and Beyond".
First the Volume of the Sacred Law. Every-
one of us are agreed, what is going on in
our mind, the regalia that adorns our body;
anything we see on the ceiling, walls or
floor; if it is not in harmony with, or
reflects the light from the Volume of the
Sacred Law, it should not be in the Lodge
room. Whether it is our thinking, our
dress, the adornments of our lodge, or the
proceedings themselves, all must be disci-
plined by the Volume of the Sacred Law.
I am well aware of the fact that there are
certain things that I may say that touch a
sensitive part of an individuals personal
convictions, either concerning Masonry or
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 66
their religious beliefs. I am claiming the
prayer uttered by the Worshipful Master on
behalf of us all, is guiding my thoughts as
I share those things that are in my mind
and heart this afternoon. That the work
commenced in order will be conducted in
peace, and I am confident we will close in
I would like to share with you what I
believe is one of the most dramatic aspects
of our ritual. It has to do with our insta-
llation and is of the utmost importance.
Almost everyone of us has attended a board
of Installed Masters. If you have not had
this privilege, I am not giving away
secrets concerning the vision of the
Prophet Amos. The prophet was warned by God
the people would be punished with a plague
of locusts, which would devour all growth
during the spring. This would mean abso-
lutely no food by harvest, so Amos prayed
the Lord would prevent the locust plague.
In response God said He would send fire
instead of locusts, a fire that would
destroy all things on the surface and so
intense, dry up even the subterranean
waters. Again Amos pleaded with God who
responded, not with locusts or a fire, but
What is a plumb-line in comparison to
locusts or fire as a means of judgement?
The wealthy and the powerful may endure the
locusts and fire until the following spri-
ng, or the year after that, but the vast
majority would die. Under the Plumb-Line,
which is the Law of God, no one who was
free and living under the promises of God
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 67
would escape judgement. The Angel of death
passed by the Hebrews when they were slaves
in Egypt, now they had the law of Moses,
the history of the Patriarchs, the teaching
of the Prophets, so there was no excuse.
The newly Installed Master is reminded from
the West, and all present can hear, the Law
of God will not pass by us any more.
What is the Law of God to us? According to
the Book of Deuteronomy "Thou shalt love
the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with
all thy soul, and with all thy mind".
According to the book of Leviticus "Thou
shalt love thy neighbour as thyself". We
all know those quotations from the Old
Testament were combined by Jesus of
Nazareth as containing all the law and
prophets. Think of the obligations and
sealing with your lips, did the words and
deeds violate your understanding of the
above sacred law? We claim of course it
The Sacred Law is beyond the written word.
It is the Law of Love of God, placed in the
mind and written on the heart. All mankind,
regardless of colour, their creed, or
background, are created by love and the
Creator has made us in the image of Hims-
elf. Under God we share with one another
This love is experienced in the midst of
three great mysteries, The Beginning, that
of Evil, and the End. Through our ritual
and in our lodges, we try to deal with
these mysteries in brotherly love, guided
by the truth and light from Holy Scripture.
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 68
We claim Masonry is the most perfect,
moral, human institution, that ever
existed. Men just like us composed the
ritual, as they understood God in their
time, generation, and circumstances. They
wrestled with the great mysteries of life,
with the law of God written in their
hearts. They acknowledged the first great
Light of Masonry is the Volume of the
Note carefully, not the Volume of the
Moral Law, but the Volume of the Sacred
Law. The moral is written in words, that
are subject to the Sacred Law of Love
written on the heart. The law to love the
Lord thy God with all thy mind, with all
thy heart, with all thy soul, and thy
neighbour as thyself. The law of love
cannot be defined in terms of words. Every
situation in life is distinct in itself as
it involves the mystery of evil.
Nowhere does the volume of the Sacred Law
explain the mystery of evil. It shows the
problem and every human mind knows there is
a problem between the mystery of evil and
the mystery of what is good. Consider Job
and his friends. When Job was sitting on
the garbage dump scraping his sores and his
friends came to console him, they kept
insisting he must be guilty of evil. We
know of course reading behind it, that the
forces of evil were allowed to tempt him.
Job, out of his commitment to his trust in
what is good said concerning God "Though he
slay me, yet will I trust in him ... ".
This is living with trust in a good God
despite any evidence to the contrary.
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 69
In his interpretation of Genesis 1 to 3
Dietrich Bonhoeffer writes concerning "In
the beginning God . . . " . "The beginning can
only be spoken of by those who are in the
middle and are anxious about the beginning
and end . . . " .
We cannot know the beginning and we do not
know the end, therefore we mortals are
living in the anxious middle. In the
anxious middle between the Beginning and
the End we live by faith knowing both good
We know of the good because the history of
mankind on this planet with the beautiful
and wonderful things that have been
achieved in the arts and the sciences of
which we stress in our ritual. Of the
beautiful and wonderful attainments of the
mind of man over a great variety of circum-
stances down through the ages.
We also know of the evil of man. Year
after year, century after century, evil is
expressed, says Bonhoeffer, by desire for
power. Man wanted to penetrate or grasp the
mystery of the beginning to be his own god.
He wanted absolute control over his own
being, so he reached out and tried to grasp
It is the desire for power in the human
mind; power over self, the family, communi-
ty, fraternity, church, state, in the field
of politics, religion, industry, you name
it. Any organization where there is a power
that is seen as greater than submission to
principles, gives cause for concern. Who
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 70
amongst us dare say, only the practice of
our moral fundamental principles is my goal
within the craft? The motive to become a
Grand Lodge Officer, is a sense of power
greater than a desire to serve my fellow
mortals? Each individual is left to his own
sense of good and evil to know if it is his
ambition to elevate himself above his
fellows, or accept the office in order that
he may humbly serve both his God and his
No one else can judge but the individual
himself in the middle between the beginning
and the end and his knowledge of good and
evil . The mystery of how each individual
lives out his life in the anxious middle.
We remember the dramatic moment at the
alter in the lodge when it is declared - In
the beginning God -. This is a theological
statement, it is a religious statement, it
is a statement of faith in God from whom we
receive the moral law.
Paul Tillich in his book "Morality and
Beyond" reminds us that the human condit-
ion, the human as a person is made up of
Morality, Culture and Religion. No matter
which continent he lives on, however
advanced or primitive from our point of
view, his personality expresses morality,
culture and religion.
Each one of us are products of our culture
however you define it in terms of the
family into which we are born, in terms of
poverty or wealth, in terms of countless
other things. There are those of us at the
present time in Canada who are greatly
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 71
exercised by the manner in which our cul-
ture is changing. You are well aware there
are different interpretations on how the
culture of Canada should unfold. We are
also products of our morality. There are
those who want a written moral answer for
everything. Paul Tillich says there is a
love that transcends all moral demands.
When we love and respect self, when we love
The One who created the person I am, when
we love the other person, then together we
are part of the expression of the love of
the Creator, then we have the standard upon
which our morality will develop. This love
will find expression in our religious
convictions, so that our religion is
expressed through our morality within the
culture in which we live.
Now I wish to turn our attention to the
mystery of the end.
This is a subject that is sensitive and
causes a great deal of the tension between
organized religion, and I am thinking
specifically of Christianity, because the
vast majority of us are identified with it,
with all due respects for our Jewish breth-
ren and those of other faiths. Most of us
by culture and moral standards, were born
and raised within the Christian Church.
Every denomination of the Church is con-
cerned with the end. Unless you believe in
the life, death and resurrection of Jesus
of Nazareth, then you are lost when life
comes to an end, is the teaching of the
Church, therefore salvation is given
through faith in Jesus.
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 72
Masonry, distinct from religion, does not
promise salvation, but masonry also faces
the end. The Senior Warden, as I reminded
you a few minutes ago concerning The Board
of Installed Masters, recites from the
writings of Amos about the final judgement.
The Senior Warden is situated where by the
authority of the Worshipful Master closes
the lodge at the end of the day.
The climax in masonry is the end as exemp-
lified in the legend of Hiram. We portray
his end by his representative being raised,
not by salvation from religious sense, but
on the five points of fellowship. Each
point takes into account the mystery of us
living in the anxious middle, not really
knowing the beginning or the end except
through faith in the Most High who is in
the beginning and the end. We live in this
anxious middle with each individual person-
ality knowing good and evil, a product of
his culture, moral values and religion.
As you give your hand to a brother, this
implies there are those to whom you would
not give your hand as greeting a brother.
When you promise foot to foot to form a
column of mutual support, this indicates
there must be evil forces that require we
give one another support. When we refer to
the position of our knees, the concern is
the trials and difficulties of life with
its temptations, with the prayerful hope we
are enabled to overcome any evil or selfi-
shness. We promise our breast will be a
safe place for another's lawful secrets,
indicating there are contending forces of
good and evil. We find it necessary to put
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 73
our hand on a brother's back in defence of
those evil forces that would destroy his
We are raised not to salvation , as that is
the work of religion, but we are raised in
order that brother to brother we share the
anxious middle. In our anxiety we are not
alone, under the all seeing eye of God, who
is the Beginning, while we are in the
anxious middle, individually and as a group
until the End.
Whether the group is the family, the
nation, the fraternity, the church, or
whatever, all is under God who understands
their anxiety. He shares in their conflict
between good and evil and realizes they are
a product of their culture, moral upbring-
ing and religion. He oversees not as a
judge or spy looking for faults but a God
of love, who knows the complexities of the
human mind and heart.
Masonry in this anxious middle should be
in dialogue not conflict with the Christian
Church. We should be seen as assisting one
another, but never claiming masonry pro-
vides the means of salvation, contrary to
the manner in which certain parts of our
ritual are interpreted, especially the
working tools in the Fellow Craft degree.
As you listen to that lecture with Christi-
anity central in your mind, especially the
Gospel of Christ, interpret those tools in
the light of His teaching.
Coming back to the Volume of the Sacred
Law and this time to the writings of the
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 74
Prophet Micah, he was asked "Wherewith
shall I come before the Lord . ..? to which
Micah replied "... and what doth the Lord
require of thee, but to do justly, to love
mercy and to walk humbly with thy God" . The
Prophet had pointed out, the Lord did not
need the sacrifices of calves, fruit, corn
or infants. Sounds beautiful, but everyone
must acknowledge, extremely difficult to
To do justly, whether it is in terms of
our political philosophy, personal convic-
tions on how the laws of the country should
be formulated and enforced, are complex
issues that are vexing our country at this
particular moment. To do justly, whether
resident in British Columbia, North West
Territory, Newfoundland, or anywhere else
in Canada is no easy task. This is espec-
ially true in our attitude to South Africa,
China, Russia and where systems are falling
apart in Europe politically and economic-
To love mercy is easy when we want others
to be merciful to us, but how difficult to
extend to others while coping with our
anxieties over good and evil. In certain
masonic bodies in the legend of Hiram,
Solomon was not merciful to those respon-
sible for the death of the Master. If we
were a religion, we would have tried to
reform or convert the Ruffians, show them
the true way from a Christian point of view
at the foot of the cross, confess and you
are forgiven. Masonry looks at the reality
of life in Solomon's day, when confession
could still mean death, not mercy.
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 75
Now we come to the great challenge, to
walk humbly with your God. I believe those
who formulated our ritual in the culture
and environment of 18th Century England,
during the struggle between those who said
you had to be a Christian in order to be a
mason, and others claiming masonry should
be open to all men, they realized masonry
could only survive if each man is free to
walk humbly with God, as he understands
Him. Each man is free to learn within his
environment, culture, moral standards and
We are each well aware everything of a
Christian connotation was not removed from
our craft. John The Baptist and John The
Apostle are revered by those who hold their
annual installation on the 24th of June or
the 27th of December. From a Christian
standpoint John declared "In the beginning
was the Word, and the Word was with God,
and the Word was God. The same was in the
beginning with God. All things were made by
Him and without Him was not anything made
that was made. In Him was life, and the
life was the light of men". Christians
believe Jesus was "That true Light which
lighteth every man that cometh into the
world". We who are Christians believe we
are not superior or better than our fellow
mortals, be he Jew, Moslem or Sikh, or any
We believe under God that in His Name we
seek to bring the light of His Love to
every situation whatever the cost in terms
of suffering or otherwise. Not telling
others they are lost, but trying to live in
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 76
obedience to the Divine Law. All of us
within the Church and as a mason say to
God, be merciful to me a sinner.
1. The Bible , King James version.
2. The Work , 1974.
3. Installation , 1972 Edition.
4 . Creation And Fall - A Theological
Interpretation Genesis 1-3 , Diet-
rich Bonhoeffer, S.C.M. Press, 1959.
5. Morality And Beyond , Paul Tillich,
Harper & Row Publishers, 1963.
R. W. Bro. C.K Drew- this is a little depar-
ture from our normal format and R.W. Bro.
Fairley indicated that possibly there may
be some questions to him that you may want
to approach at this time, instead of our
normal reviews that we would have on a
paper. Are there or is there any brother
who would like to ask any question of Bro.
R. W. Bro. Jack Pos - since there appears to be
some hesitancy, perhaps my question may
encourage others. We in the anxious middle,
who do not know the beginning nor the end,
would like to speculate a little on the
end. That is, a bit of philosophy on
immortality. Therefore, I would ask the
question . . . Where do we go when we die?
From writings and paintings, we perceive a
glorious ascension through white cumulus
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 77
clouds and beautiful music from heavenly
instruments; but where in the Bible do we
find anything that tells or speaks of man's
reception by 'St. Peter 1 at the pearly
gates amid the sounds of 'Gabriel's horn'?
If there is nothing in the Holy Book, then
what is there to look forward to after
R. W. Bro. Fairley- Well of course Jack knows,
as well as the rest of us do, that the
spirit shall return unto God who gave it
according to Ecclesiastes. The question
falls, in terms of geographical location,
and there is no geographical location from
a Christian point of view. We go into
perfect love. Those of us who are committed
to the Christian faith, and I made a per-
sonal commitment when I was 18 or 19 years
of age, worship a Person, not a moral
principle. In the Armed Forces, in indus-
try, and in the ministry, I have met all
kinds of people, in every conceivable
situation, and I am still convinced, to go
into perfect love, which I cannot explain,
but accept in faith. The imagination of the
artist is their conception, arising from
writings out of their culture, morality and
religious convictions, set in the times and
century in which they lived. This is their
concept of that which is beautiful. The
pearly gates, the streets paved with gold,
is in contrast to the poverty of the people
who had nothing at all. There were those
who had mental images of running water, of
pure water, while living in a desert, or
they had to go miles before they got water.
Whatever is in contrast to the poverty or
poor conditions in which they lived was
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 78
Paradise. To mention Paradise is to express
that which is beautiful, where the mind is
free from the tension caused through know-
ing good and evil, is living in a state of
perfect love. It is not a geographical
vision, it is a state of being in relation
to the Creator. From a Christian point of
view, perfect love is a gift through faith
in God's Son.
R. W. Bro. Drew- What a marvellous answer, I
promise you that this was not rehearsed.
Does any other brother have a question?
R. W. Bro. John Boersma - R.W. Bro. Fairley, I
too am sometimes disturbed and I have a
question: Is masonry a vehicle to make a
good man better? I think the answer is Yes.
I think I detect here a distinction between
improving himself on a moral plane, and a
mason improving himself on a physical
plane. I firmly believe that our Order, as
Bro. William Mercer Wilson said when he was
M.W. the Grand Master. He referred to the
final charge. "The purpose of Masonry is
the cultivation and improvement of the
human mind" , and I think that makes a good
man better. I think of a mason improving
and cultivating his mind. I agree it is
only morality that sits behind it, and I
agree that from a moral sense, he could
very well be compared to the Pharisee and
so on. In the last instance we owe it to
ourselves, and to our youth, and to the
people outside of our lives, to say, the
cultivation and improvement of the human
mind is our purpose and goal.
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 79
R. W. Bro. Fairley - I think we would all agree
that to improve the human mind is our
purpose and our goal, but there is a spiri-
tual dimension that cultivates this, and
that is what I am stressing. Yes, of course
we try to make good men better, but we must
define our terms on what we mean by good.
Scripture states that there is no one good
except God. Each of us are under the ten-
sion between good and evil and no matter
what we think or say or do, we are con-
stantly dependent on a spiritual force
behind us. Our ultimate destiny is not to
be perfect in the human condition; our
ultimate destiny is to enter into the
perfect love of God. I am not in any way
trying to put down the desire to improve
the human mind in any area of endeavour,
whether it be in the field of medicine, the
arts, or any other way. It is an acknowl-
edgement that the source of our goodness is
not in man himself or human philosophy. We
have the Volume of the Sacred Law open,
this is to acknowledge that the truths that
are inculcated in that Book are the source
that enables us to be good. Masonry is a
human institution, but we draw on spiritual
values in order to inspire our human insti-
MASONRY AND RELIGION Page 80
EDEN LODGE AND
THE GRAND LODGE OF ONTARIO
Frank A. Standring DDGM - MPS
(Member The Heritage Lodge No.
As a prelude to this paper, it is only fair
to state that the subject of it would not have
occurred to me had it not been for V. Wor.
Bro. Tom Johnson, of Union Lodge #380. He had
collected data relative to it for a consider-
able time prior to showing me his material and
notes and, needless to say, after discussing
it with him and spurred by his enthusiasm, I
then agreed to carry on with it.
In the process of collecting and examining
additional research items, my interest became
even further stimulated, and I gave consider-
able thought as to whether or not the unhappy
circumstances could have been prevented in
the first place. As the paper progresses, you
cannot help but be aware of my own opinion,
but I will leave you to formulate your own.
* Paper presented at the Regular Meeting of
The Heritage Lodge held in the Dufferin
Street Masonic Lodge Building, London,
Ontario, May 19, 1990.
EDEN LODGE Page 81
One thing that did strike me, was the com-
pletely negative attitude of those who should
have known better. Also, the adjectives used
by various persons in authority when refer-
ring to the recalcitrant brethren; despicable
(conduct) , heinous (actions) etc. These
strike me as being somewhat overblown, but in
view of the fact that one hundred years ago
people consistently were inclined in their
speeches or reports to used three words where
one would do, it is not surprising. Also
masons being human and possessing the faults
of the species, bureaucracy and authoritar-
ianism existed from time to time as it did in
any other organization.
Lastly, I must also thank R. Wor. Bro.
E.S.P. Carson of Union Lodge #380, for making
available certain books etc. , and thanks also
to those brethren who made available their
lodge histories. Without them, this paper
could not have been completed.
During his address to the Twentieth Annual
Communication of the Grand Lodge of A.F. &
A.M. of Canada, assembled in the City of
London, opening on Wednesday the 14th day of
July A.D. 1875, R. Wor. Bro. James K. Kerr,
Deputy Grand Master and Acting Grand Master,
made the following statement. "And since I
assumed the gavel, I have granted dispensa-
tions as follows:" There is then listed nine
lodges, the sixth on the list being "Eden
Lodge", London. The District Deputy Grand
Master for the London District, R. Wor. Bro.
W.D McGloghlon, stated in his report to Grand
Lodge as follows, "On May the 19th, I duly
opened and installed a new Lodge in the City
of London, to be called the Eden Lodge, under
EDEN LODGE Page 82
a dispensation the Acting Grand Master was
pleased to grant."
At first glance, these events would appear
to be nothing more than the regular business
of Grand Lodge, but as will be shown in this
paper, events preceding as well as those just
quoted, to put it in the vernacular, opened up
a whole new can of worms! Thus began the
events which came to be known as the "London
Difficulty" and I leave it to you to conclude
whether or not, the whole problem could have
To begin, the history of Tuscan Lodge #195
records that on May 3rd, 1875, a deputation of
brethren wishing to form a lodge in London
East attended their regular meeting and
requested a petition from Tuscan recommending
the same. This lodge was to be called Corint-
hian, number blank and the request was moved
and carried unanimously. The same day,
another delegation of brethren wishing to
form a new lodge in London to be called Eden
Lodge, number blank, were in attendance to
request Tuscan to recommend their petition.
It was moved and carried unanimously that the
Tuscan Lodge refuse to grant their recommen-
dation in favour of this proposed new lodge.
The Historical Sketch of St. John's Lodge,
No. 20 records on page 40 the following: "1875
- In May of this year the celebrated 'Eden
Lodge' was instituted at a regular meeting/
May 11th. The following preamble and resol-
ution was moved by P.M. Bro M.D. Dawson,
seconded by Bro. James Morrison, and carried
EDEN LODGE Page 83
That whereas, we have learned with regret
that a number of overzealous Masons are en-
deavouring to establish a new Masonic Lodge in
the City of London to be called Eden Lodge;
and that , as we consider that there are a
sufficient number of lodges now in the city to
supply all the wants of Craft Masonry and more
than our present population warrants, be it
Resolved, that M.W. the Grand Master be
requested not to grant the dispensation asked
for, , as we consider that in place of being
productive of good masonry, it will be a
permanent injury to the lodges now working in
A communication (received from the United
Finance Committee, lessees of the Masonic
Hall, , signed by the secretary of that comm-
ittee) was read at the regular meeting of St.
John's No. 20 informing the lodge as follows:
that on the evening of May 19th, application
was made to the committee chairman by the
district Deputy Grand Master for the keys of
this hall, for the purpose of instituting a
new lodge called 'Eden 1 . The chairman
informed R. Wor. Bro. McGloghlon that he
could not do so without prior sanction from
the masters of the five lodges using the hall
authorizing him to do so.
The letter then went on to say that R. Wor.
Bro. McGloghlon then stated that if he did not
get the keys, he would break the doors in and,
though this threat was not literally carried
out, entrance was effected by other means.
The letter also included two resolution
passed by St. John's No. 20 and Kilwinning No.
EDEN LODGE Page 84
64, that in future the hall was not to be used
for any purpose other than that of Masonry.
A resolution was then adopted condemning
the unreasonable and unmasonic conduct of the
members of Eden Lodge and, it was also decided
to use every effort to prevent the Grand
Lodge from granting them a warrant and to
petition to that effect. The following lett-
er, signed by W.W. Fitzgerald, W. M. Eden
Lodge U.D. had been received and was also
"To the W.M., Officers and Brethren of St.
John's Lodge No. 20 A.F. & A.M. As Master of
and on behalf of Eden Lodge U.D., I beg leave
to apply to your lodge for permission for said
Eden Lodge to meet in this Masonic Hall. 11
This request was laid over until after the
action of Grand Lodge. A motion was also
passed petitioning Grand Lodge to grant con-
current jurisdiction to Corinthian Lodge, now
working U.D. in London East. Tuscan Lodge No.
195, at their June meeting also received the
same letter from Eden Lodge and adopted the
same policy and action as had St. John's No.
20. They also moved and carried the request of
Corinthian Lodge U.D. in London East. Tuscan
Lodge No. 195, at their June meeting also
received the same letter from Eden Lodge and
adopted the same policy and action as had St.
John's No. 20. They also moved and carried the
request of Corinthian Lodge U.D., regarding
The Centennial History of St. George Lodge
No. 42, records the following:
EDEN LODGE Page 85
"On May 19th , 187 5 , a motion was carried
approving the forming of Corinthian Lodge No.
330. In the same year, Eden Lodge was formed
under a dispensation which was not the unani-
mous desire of the Masonic Brethren of Londo-
n." The Centennial History of Kilwinning
Lodge No. 64 just mentions the "Ill-starred
Eden Lodge of London" and the short-lived
"Grand Lodge of Ontario" as well as the action
taken by the Acting Grand Master, R. Wor. Bro.
Jas. K. Kerr, in granting a dispensation in
February 1875, for a sixth lodge in London
despite opposition of local Masons.
A research of the history of St. John's
Lodge No 209a as printed in the 1889 edition
of the History of Middlesex County produced no
reference to Eden Lodge, but in as much as
they were embroiled in an ongoing dispute with
St. John's No. 20, this is not at all surp-
Page 341 of that same publication gives the
"Eden Lodge, A.F. & A.M. - A dispensation
was granted to this lodge May 19th, 1875, by
the Grand Lodge of Canada." Among the members
making application were:
Francis Westlake - P.M. St. George No. 42
John R. Peel - P.M. Kilwinning No. 64
William H. Street - Kilwinning No. 64 and
Erie No. 149
James F. Latimer - St. Mark's No. 94
w.w. Fitzgerald - Kilwinning No. 64
Daniel M. Bowman - St. John's No. 209a
EDEN LODGE Page 86
W.D. McGloghlon - P.M. Albion No. 80 and
D.D.G.M. London Dis.
Stillman Groat - Durham No. 66
Charles A. Conover - Wor. Master, Kilwinn
ing No. 64
John H. Ley - Kilwinning No. 64
And now, this brings us back to the Annual
Communication of the Grand Lodge of Canada for
the year 1875. On page 130 of the proceedings
for that year, the following is recorded. "In
the matter of the application for the issue of
a warrant to Eden Lodge London, the Board
recommend that a warrant be not granted, but
that the M.W. the Grand Master be requested to
issue his dispensation authorizing the
officers and brethren named therein to pass
and raise those already initiated in that
lodge." The only other lodge applying and
not granted a warrant was Harmon Lodge,
Toronto, but it»s dispensation was extended
for another year.
Page 140 of the same proceedings shows that
a motion was introduced to include the village
of London East in the London District and,
that it be masonically included in the juris-
diction of the City of London. Also, that the
portion of the report of the Board on Warr-
ants, recommending that warrants not be iss-
ued to Harmon Lodge, Toronto and Eden Lodge,
London, be adopted. An amendment to the
motion was moved by R.W. Bro. F. Westlake,
seconded by R.W. Bro. D. Spry, that "that part
of the report of the Board on Warrants re-
ferring to Eden Lodge be struck out and, that
a warrant be granted to Eden Lodge." A vote
EDEN LODGE Page 87
of Grand Lodge on the amendment declared in
the negative and the original resolution was
adopted. R.W. Bro. Westlake then demanded a
ballot on the question, which was taken and
declared against the amendment.
In accordance with the wishes of Grand
Lodge, M.W. Bro. Kerr, the newly installed
Grand Master, informed the D.D.G.M. of the
London District R.W. Bro. McGloghlon, that he
was prepared to issue a dispensation in terms
of the report given by Grand Lodge. This
would take place after the delivery to the
Grand Secretary of the dispensation then in
the hands of Eden Lodge and upon a return
being made of the work done thereunder.
Opposition to the granting of the warrant had
emanated from brethren who had satisfied the
Board that it was not in the interest of the
Craft to favour another Lodge in London at
After using his good offices to restore
harmony, but without avail, the Grand Master
promised to return to London a little later in
the season in the hope of effecting a recon-
ciliation, but before he could do so, he
learned that the meeting of Eden Lodge had
been called for the purpose of initiating a
candidate. The Grand Secretary was instruc-
ted to forbid the Wor. Master holding the
meeting, but the meeting was held and the
The next annual communication of Grand
Lodge assembled in Ottawa on Wednesday, the
12th of July, 1876. M.W. Bro. Kerr, in his
address, reported on the event mentioned in
the previous paragraph and on meetings with
EDEN LODGE Page 88
the London D.D.G.M., as well as R.W. Bro.
Westlake. He stated that no agreement could
be reached, insofar as implementing the terms
laid down at the previous Annual Communi-
cation of Grand Lodge and, on the 10th day of
February, 1876, a declaration of incorpor-
ation of the "Grand Lodge of Ontario" was
made, by F. Westlake, John R. Peel, W.H.
Street, J.F. Latimer and W.W. Fitzgerald.
M.W. Bro. Kerr then reported that, as a
result of this, he had issued an edict sus-
pending the ten brethren named in the appli-
cation for dispensation with respect of Eden
Lodge in 1875. He also suspended thirty-eight
other brethren from various lodges in the
jurisdiction, including eight E.A.'s from
Eden Lodge U.D. The declaration of the incor-
poration (appended to his address) reads as
'■Whereas, we the undersigned, are members
of the Ancient and Honourable Order of
Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons; and
Whereas, there exists no regularly con-
stituted Grand Lodge of our said Ancient
Order for the Province of Ontario, and we
are desirous of organizing and constitut-
ing such a Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free
and Accepted Masons of Ontario; And, we
hereby declare and express our desire to
become incorporated under the Act passed
in the thirty-seventh year of Her Majes-
ty's reign, entitled an Act respecting
Benevolent, Provident and other
Societies. The name of the society shall
be "The Grand Lodge of Ancient, Free and
Accepted Masons of Ontario. 11
EDEN LODGE Page 89
The purposes and objects of our Order
and Society, are the practice of benevol-
ence and charity, to relieve the sick and
distressed, and comfort the mourner, and
to disseminate true Masonic knowledge in
all it*s branches and degrees.
The principal and managing officers
are, and shall be; The Most Worshipful
Grand Master, The Right Worshipful Deputy
Grand Master; The Right Worshipful Grand
Senior Warden; The Right Worshipful Grand
Junior Warden; The Right Worshipful Grand
The following brethren shall fill the
said several offices until an election
shall be held as hereinafter provided:
Bro. Francis Westlake, Most Worshipful
Grand Master; Bro. John Robert Peel,
Right Worshipful Deputy Grand Master;
Bro. William Hatten Street, Right Wor-
shipful Grand Senior Warden; Bro. James
Francis Latimer, Right Worshipful Grand
Junior Warden; Bro. William Weir
Fitzgerald, Right Worshipful Grand Secr-
The Society shall meet once in each
year at such time and place in Ontario,
as the Society shall hereinafter from
time to time at the annual meeting
appoint, and at such other times as the
Most Worshipful Grand Master shall deem
it necessary to call the brethren
together to transact any business per-
taining to the management and welfare of
the Order. The officers shall be elected
at the annual meeting in each year. The
EDEN LODGE Page 90
Masters and Past Masters of the lodges,
and the Wardens for the time being of
Lodges under the jurisdiction of this
Grand Lodge, shall be entitled to be
admitted to the meetings and to vote on
all questions including the election of
officers. The election of officers shall
be by ballot, any other questions that
the Grand Lodge shall hereinafter decide
on to be voted by ballot, shall be voted
on by ballot.
The Society may, from time to time, by
a resolution at any meeting regularly
called, appoint any other officers that
may be deemed necessary, and at the same
time declare that such officers shall
thereafter be elected or appointed at the
annual meeting. So soon as may be con-
venient the Grand Master shall call the
brethren together to frame and adopt a
constitution, by-laws and rules of order
for the government and management of the
Society, the same not being contrary to
law or the provisions hereof.
(signed) F. West lake
J no. R. Peel
W. H. Street
J. F. Latimer
W. W. Fitzgerald
The following edict was also appended to
the Grand Master's address.
EDEN LODGE Page 91
GRAND LODGE A.F. & A.M. OF CANADA
To the Worshipful Masters, Past Masters,
Wardens and Officers of Lodges, and all
Masonic Brethren, to whom these presents
may come, Greeting;
Whereas it is within my knowledge,
that Bros. F., Westlake, J.R. Peel, W.H.
Street, J.F. Latimer and W.W. Fitz-
gerald, brethren within the jurisdiction
of the Grand Lodge of Canada, have signed
a declaration of incorporation under the
style and title of "The Grand Lodge of
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of Ont-
ario, 11 and whereas such a declaration is
an attempt to subvert the authority of
The Grand Lodge of Canada, is detrimental
to the best interests of Freemasonry, and
is calculated to disturb the peace, har-
mony and unity of the Fraternity; and
Whereas, the above named brethren and
others have been present at, and taken
part in, clandestine meetings of Masons
held in the City of London, under the
pretended authority of the so-called
"Grand Lodge of Ontario" in utter violat-
ion of their Masonic obligations, and the
requirements of the constitution: There-
fore; take notice that the M.W. the Grand
Master of the Grand Lodge of A.F. & A.M.
of Canada, has, by the power vested in
him suspended the above named brethren
and others from all rights, benefits and
privileges of the Order of Freemasonry,
such suspensions to continue in full
force during his pleasure or until the
EDEN LODGE Page 92
Grand Lodge of Canada shall have taken
The M.W. the Grand Master further
directs and requires that you will not,
under any pretence whatever , hold Masonic
intercourse with the brethren within
named or with any brother who is in sym-
pathy with/ or recognizes the authority
of, the so-called "Grand Lodge of Ont-
Given under my hand and the seal
of the Grand Lodge / at the City of
Hamilton/ this 22nd day of Febr-
uary, A.L. 587 6. By command of
the M.W. the Grand Master.
Bro. John H. Ley, alone appealed against
the suspension, denying that he was in any way
connected with the movement, and, at his
request, the Grand Master issued a commission
to three Right Worshipful Brethren, authoriz-
ing them to inquire into the matter, to take
evidence touching the appeal of Bro. Ley and
also concerning the action taken by the other
brethren named. That evidence, together with
their report was to be submitted to Grand
Lodge for it's consideration.
The commission appointed by the Grand
Master, having reviewed all of the evidence
available, concurred in the suspensions meted
out by the Grand Master to forty-eight breth-
ren named in his address, and, recommended
EDEN LODGE Page 93
further punishment to all but six. Accord-
ingly it was moved , seconded and resolved
"that this Grand Lodge hereby declare the
following brethren, namely, (here follows
forty-two names) having been duly called at
the portals of Grand Lodge, and having failed
to answer or appear, are herby severally
excluded and expelled from all the rights,
benefits and privileges of Freemasonry, of
which all Lodges and Masons will take notice
and govern themselves accordingly."
Of the remaining six, it was recommended
that the suspensions of five be continued
until the next annual Communication of Grand
Lodge and, that the suspension of the one
remaining be removed on his giving satis-
factory assurance to the M.W. the Grand Mas-
ter, of loyalty to this Grand Lodge. Of those
expelled, the D.D.G.M. for the London Dis-
trict, W.D. McGloghlon, who had earlier been
replaced in that office, was included.
There is a ledger in existence, which has on
it f s cover title plate bearing the name"Eden
G.R.O." Some of the names of those expelled,
as listed on Page 158 of the Proceedings for
1876, appear in this ledger, as well as many
others. The ledger appears to be a record of
dues paid by the various members of the lodge,
commending June 9th, 1876, with the last entry
June 15th, 1892. The writing in many cases is
difficult to decipher, but there are instan-
ces where some members are shown as suspended.
November 2nd, 1876, a special communication
of the Grand Lodge A.F. & A.M. of Canada was
opened at 2:30 P.M. at the Masonic Hall,
London, Ontario. The purpose of this meeting
EDEN LODGE Page 94
was the laying of the cornerstone of the new
building being erected for the London Mechan-
ic 's Institute.
The scroll, read by R. Wor. Bro. J.J. Mason,
Grand Secretary, reads in part "The corner-
stone of the London Mechanic's Institute was
laid by James Kirkpatrick Kerr Q.C., M.W.
Grand Master attended and assisted by the
Grand Officers and a large concourse of breth-
ren, in accordance with the ancient usages of
Masonry , which may God prosper." The rele-
vance of this meeting to the subject of this
paper is, amongst the names of the officers of
the Institute listed on that scroll, are those
of J. O'Connor and W. W. Fitzgerald, who had
been expelled at the recent Communication of
Grand Lodge. Page 321 of the History of
Middlesex County (1889) , also shows F. West-
lake and J.R. Peel as respectively, past
president and an officer of the Institute,
both of whom were prominent members of the
clandestine "Grand Lodge of Ontario" and had
also been expelled from the Grand Lodge of
The following Annual Communication of Grand
Lodge, which assembled at St. Catherines,
Ontario, commencing the 12th day of September
1877, heard M.W. the Grand Master make mention
in his address of the large turnout at the
cornerstone laying ceremony, not only of
Masons but also the citizens of London. He
stated, "This demonstration gave ample proof
that neither the Craft belonging to the Forest
City of the West, nor the good people of that
locality, have any sympathy with the action of
the little band of discontents, whose mis-
guided action has entailed such disastrous
EDEN LODGE Page 95
consequences upon themselves/ etc." I find
this statement, insofar as it pertains to the
"good people of the locality" somewhat pre-
sumptuous; for if the good people of the
locality today are representative of the good
people at that time, they knew little or
nothing about the happenings in Freemasonry
and in all probability cared less.
The Grand Master also suggested in his ad-
dress, that he might be empowered by Grand
Lodge to take such action as may be just and
proper with individual cases of those who,
through misunderstanding, may have been
induced to join the G.L.O.
On the motion to adopt the report of the
Grand Master an amendment was moved "Resolved
- that the report of the Board of General
Purposes just read on the excellent address of
the M. Wor. the Grand Master be not adopted,
but that it be referred back to the Board with
instructions for the same/ by approving the
suggestions of the M. Wor. the Grand Master
concerning the dealing with such of the per-
sons expelled by Grand Lodge last year, as may
evince due contrition for their heinous off-
ence and, seek restoration to membership; and
also to deal in a spirit of justice with such
other persons as may have since associated
themselves with so-called holding with these
expelled Masons. 11
It was then moved "that the report of the
Board of General Purposes be amended in pursu-
ance of the resolution of Grand Lodge, and
that as amended, the same be adopted." At
this session of Grand Lodge, a communication
was received from C.A. Conover who, whilst
EDEN LODGE Page 96
being the Wor. Master of Kilwinning No. 64,
was one of the petitioning brethren reques-
ting a warrant for Eden Lodge and subsequently
expelled. In his letter, addressed to the M.
Wor. Grand Master, Officers and Members of
Grand Lodge, he expressed regret for the
errors he had committed and applied for re-
M. Wor. Bro. W.H. Weller, presiding at the
Twenty-third Annual Communication of Grand
Lodge assembled in Toronto, commencing on the
11th day of September, 1878, reported in his
address the following. He had favourably
received the petition of Bro. C.A. Connover
and restored him to good standing, as well as
"healing" all of the members (with one excep-
tion) of a lodge in Toronto known as Heathcote
Lodge, on receipt of their petition applying
for the same. He at the same time, stated
that he trusted this was the beginning of the
end of the "Ontario" movement.
This brings us to an eventful Annual Com-
munication, commencing the 10th day of Sep-
tember, 1979, assembling in the City of King-
ston. M. Wor. Bro. Weller, opened his address
by stating that in the year just closed, he
had issued dispensations for eleven new lod-
ges including King Solomon's Lodge, Peters-
ville, and Union Lodge, London. At the close
of his address, he stated "It will be grati-
fying to you to learn that what was called the
Grand Lodge of Ontario has ceased to exist.
The seal used by it has been delivered up to
be, and has been, destroyed, and the other
formalities considered necessary for it's
extinction have been complied with." This
statement, as events will show, proved to be
EDEN LODGE Page 97
more than somewhat premature. Later on in the
session, the recommendation by the Board of
General Purposes that warrants be granted to
the above mentioned lodges, was approved by
This history of King Solomon's Lodge No.
378 entitled The First Hundred Years, informs
us that the first meeting of the lodge was
held on Wednesday June 23rd, 1879, in the
Village of Petersville, subsequently London
West) for the purpose of instituting the new
lodge. Further on in that history, we find
"In the course of the evening, one petition
for initiation was received, as well as eleven
applications for affiliation from members of
Joppa Lodge, which was then working under the
clandestine Grand Lodge of Ontario." These
members of Joppa Lodge were balloted for and
accepted at a later date. As requested by
Grand Lodge, they were 'healed' by being re-
obligated in all three degrees.
The 100 Year History of Union Lodge No. 380
G.R.C. shows that it's first meeting took
place August 22nd, 1879, all of the elected
officers, with the exception of the chaplain
and tyler, being former members of Eden Lodge,
now defunct. Seventy four names were read
which had been approved at Grand Lodge and at
this meeting, sixteen master-masons, six
fellow craft and four entered apprentices
were administered the 'healing' obligation.
The remainder were healed and obligated at
various later dates.
It is interesting to note that the first
master of Union Lodge was Wor. Bro. W.H.
Street, who was one of the brethren originally
EDEN LODGE Page 98
petitioning a warrant for Eden Lodge, Bro.
O.J. Bridle, who was elected inner guard, was
a master-mason from Eden, eventually master
of Union and appointed Grand Steward in 1893.
The Secretary Pro Tern for the inaugural meet-
ing was W.W. Fitzgerald, the original Wor.
Master of Eden Lodge.
One would think at this stage, this would be
the end of the Grand Lodge of' Ontario, but
such was not to be the case. The Grand Lodge
publication Whence Come We? succinctly
records the following: "The constituent
lodges which had received warrants from the
so-called Grand Lodge of Ontario continued in
existence. Scores of men who had joined them
laboured under the impression that they were
regularly made Freemasons. The successive
reports of the District Deputy Grand Masters
as well as the Grand Masters give evidence of
individual brethren and even whole lodges
being "healed 1 from time to time. The supply ,
however, seemed inexhaustible."
During his address to the 25th Annual Com-
munication of Grand Lodge at Guelph in July
1880, M.W. Bro. Jas A. Henderson referred to
the healing and restoring of former members of
the Grand Lodge of Ontario, and the D.D.G.M.
for St. Clair District reported the estab-
lishment of a lodge called Temple Lodge, under
the G.L. of O. The D.D.G.M. for Hamilton
District reported establishing a lodge called
Doric U.D. , which asked permission to heal and
affiliate such persons as would be found
acceptable, who were lately members of the
G.L. of O. The D.D.G.M. for the Toronto
District reported four members of a lodge
known as Good Intent and one from a lodge
EDEN LODGE Page 99
called Mizpah, were healed in King Solomon ! s
Lodge No. 22.
The next Annual Communication in Hamilton,
July 1881, received the information that
spurious lodge in St. Thomas had been disb-
anded, with a number of the members applying
for healing and affiliation. Huron District
reported the establishment of a lodge at Eden
Grove and one at Pinkerton, under the auspices
of the Grand Lodge of Ontario. An interesting
piece of information comes to light in the
report of the D.D.G.M. for London District, at
the communication assembled July 1882 at
London. It reveals that R. Wor. Bro. W.D.
McGloghlon had acting for him in instituting
a new lodge at Harrietsville. (Bro. Mc-
Gloghlon had been D.D.G.M. for the London
District as well as an original member of Eden
Lodge and had been healed into Union Lodge No.
M.W. Bro. Daniel Spry, at the Annual Com-
munication held at Toronto in July, 1883,
reported that he had received numerous appli-
cations from persons who had become members by
initiation of the so-called Grand Lodge of
Ontario requesting to be healed. He had
declined all such applications, pointing out
that if they desired to become masons in this
province, they should petition one of the reg-
ularly warranted lodges on the register of the
Grand Lodge. He stated that several have fol-
lowed the advice given them and in one locali-
ty, all the members of one of these illegal
bodies had made application individually to a
proper lodge, had been balloted for, accepted
and initiated. In 1885, the D.D.G.M. for St.
Clair District reported the establishing of a
EDEN LODGE Page 100
lodge at Tilbury under the so-called Grand
Lodge of Ontario, and in 1886, one was estab-
lished in Brockville.
M.W. Bro. Henry Robertson, in his address
to Grand Lodge at it's Annual Communication at
Toronto, July 1988, stated that he had granted
twenty-eight dispensations to heal persons
who, through want of knowledge or misrepre-
sentations of others, had been led to connect
themselves with irregular or clandestine
lodges. He also outlined the procedure
adopted by him to bring about the process of
healing, including the fee thereof. The
D.D.G.M. for Toronto District also reported
the healing of seventeen members, also that no
further trace of the Grand Lodge of Ontario
could be found in the District, as the one
lodge which sojourned with them had expired
and it's innocent misguided members applying
for membership in District lodges.
Reports of the healing of former members of
the Grand Lodge of Ontario continued from 1889
through 1895 inclusive and , the D.D.G.M. for
the Toronto District, at the Annual Communi-
cation assembled at Belleville on July 15th,
1896, reported that an emergent meeting of
Rehoboam Lodge No. , 65 had healed thirty-five
former members of the clandestine Grand Lodge
and also, three master-masons had been healed
in Harmony Lodge U.D. The D.D.G.M. of St.
Lawrence District also reported healing five
so-called Ontario masons at Brockville. At
that same communication, the Grand Master,
M.W. Bro. W.R. White, in his address reported
EDEN LODGE Page 101
"I am very much pleased to be able to report
to this Grand Lodge , that during the past year
(pursuant to the authority granted at our last
meeting) , such arrangements have been made
with the members of this organization as will
effectually sweep this body out of existence
for, I trust, all time to come. Their chart-
er, granted by the Provincial Government, has
been transferred to myself and the Grand
Secretary, as trustees for this Grand Lodge;
all warrants issued to subordinate lodges,
the seal and all other books and property of
this so-called body have been or are being
delivered up and , are now in possession of
this Grand Lodge. Many of them have applied
for affiliation to our lodges and are now
active and useful members of this Grand Body.
The surrender is voluntary and complete. -
. . • the only concession granted being that
members of the extinct body holding the rank
of Past Master therein, are to concede that
rank in any of our lodges with which they may
affiliate or to which they may be admitted."
Thus, to all intents and purposes, the
Grand Lodge of Ontario and it's affiliated
lodges ceased to exist. But, on examining all
of the events in retrospect, I feel that it
should not have happened in the first place,
or it could have been prevented.
You will recall, at the beginning of this
paper, that the existing five lodges in the
City of London had received request from two
lodges operating U.D., Corinthian and Eden,
soliciting their support in obtaining warr-
ants. You will also recall that support for
Corinthian was not only unanimous, also rec-
ommendations for concurrent jurisdiction for
EDEN LODGE Page 102
that lodge were forwarded to Grand Lodge by
those existing lodges. On the other hand,
support for Eden Lodge was voted down by
enough lodges existing in the city to serve
all that the population warranted.
Although it might be argued that Corinthian
was being in the Village of London East, the
boundary of that village and the City of
London was Adelaide Street, only eight blocks
(or as any person who is familiar with the
city can testify) a brisk 15 minute walk from
the corner of Richmond and Dundas Streets, the
area in which the London Masonic Temple was
situated. Also, when you take into account
that within three years, two more lodges were
established, one in Petersville, (London
West) whose boundary, the North Branch of the
River Thames, was even closer to London Temple
than that of London East. I think myself that
a more striking example of ambiguity would be
hard to find.
In addition, after researching all of the
material I had available, I developed a feel-
ing that personalities may have entered into
the picture. You will recall that when Grand
Lodge laid the corner-stone for the London
Mechanic's Institute, four individuals who
were or had been officers of that body, had
been prominent among those petitioning for
the establishment of Eden Lodge. The History
of Middlesex County 1889 reveals that the
recording secretary of the Institute, who was
also secretary of the Finance Committee of the
London Masonic Temple, was in office at the
same time as some of those brethren. Also,
his name seems to continually come to the fore
amongst those who most strongly opposed the
EDEN LODGE Page 103
establishment of Eden Lodge. Could this be
more than coincidence?
Subsequently, at the 1875 Annual Communic-
ation, Eden's petition for warrant was
denied, whilst that of Corinthian was granted
and a motion passed to include them
masonically as part of London City. Eden were
also informed that they must surrender their
dispensation, inform the Grand Secretary of
the work accomplished to date and, on giving
up the dispensation in their possession, ,they
would be granted another enabling them to pass
and raise the candidates they had initiated.
I think you will agree that they realized that
once that was accomplished, it was the end of
I do not condone the action these brethren
subsequently took, but is it not possible that
they felt, to put it bluntly, that they were
being f shafted 1 and had no other recourse? In
view of the fact that the events happened so
long ago and those concerned have long since
departed from our midst, it is next to imposs-
ible to ascertain with any accuracy what might
have been the end result if the matter had
been handled with more diplomacy. As I stated
in the forward to this paper, bureaucracy does
exist in the Masonry Fraternity from time to
time and our leaders, like others, cannot see
the forest for the trees.
Is it not possible that if the first funda-
mental principle of Freemasonry (brotherly
love) had prevailed, as well as had some of
the wisdom and talents of the late William
Mercer Wilson been available, the whole
EDEN LODGE Page 104
unhappy event could have been avoided?
leave it to you to arrive at the answer.
EDEN LODGE Page 105
Annual Proceedings Grand Lodge of Canada.
1875 - 1896 inclusive.
History of Grand Lodge of Canada. A.F. & A.M.
in the Province of Ontario. W.S.Herrington.
Whence Come We? Freemasonry in Ontario. 1764
History of Middlesex County (1889) .
Ontario Freemasonry 1855 to the Present.
V.Wor. Bro. Roy S. Foley, P.G.S., Vol. 1.,
The Tuscan Lodge No. 195. J.J. Talman.
Kilwinning Lodge No. 64. A.F. & A.M.
G.R.C, Centennial 1856 - 1956.
Centennial of St. Georges Lodge No. 42. 1853
100 Year History of Union Lodge No. 380.
G.R.C. , 1879 - 1979.
The First Hundred Years. King Solomon's Lodge
No. 378. A.F. & A.M. G.R.C, 1879 -1979.
Historical Sketch. St. John's Lodge No. 20
EDEN LODGE Page 106
REVIEWS OF PAPER PRESENTED TO
THE HERITAGE LODGE
May 19 , 1990
R.W. Bro. Frank A. Standring
Eden Lodge - The Grand Lodge of
FIRST REVIEW - was prepared by R. W. Bro.
Edward S. P. Carson, Life Member of the Heri-
tage Lodge, and Life member of Union Lodge
No. 380, the successor to Eden Lodge.
To begin, I must thank R. W. Bro. Edwin Drew
for the honour of being chosen to review this
paper of my good friend R.W. Bro. Frank Stan-
dring. I trust he will still be my good
friend after this review. By virtue of my
membership in Union Lodge and my interest in
it's history, I have previously spent some
time on research to the happenings of Eden
Lodge and the formation of the Grand Lodge of
R.W. Bro. Frank Standring f s knowledge, his
diligence, his energy, his enthusiasm, his
research capacity and his controversial
nature are familiar to all who know him in the
London Districts and this paper particularly
demonstrates this. His choice of what most
consider a controversial topic and what many
in the past have considered best left unsaid,
EDEN LODGE Page 107
certainly gives us all a much better insight
into some of the early problems in our Lodges
and spells out some of the reason for the
present extra long formal title of "The Grand
Lodge of Ancient, Free, and Accepted Masons of
Canada, in the Province of Ontario 1 .
The formation of Eden Lodge under dispen-
sation c. 1876 until the healing of the memb-
ers, mostly in Union Lodge No. 380 on October
13th, 1879, is a period of history that has
been, I am sure, very difficult to research
because of the f pain and hurt 1 of the brethren
of the time choosing not to record all of the
animosity and difficulties encountered.
The 'London Difficulty 1 , as Frank states,,
could probably have been avoided. With the
personalities of Grand Lodge officers obvi-
ously lacking in diplomacy and certainly, if
you read between the lines, the personalities
of Officers of the Lodges already established
in London, being questionable, it is a wonder
Frank did not lay the blame totally in their
lap. The ill-fated Grand Lodge of Ontario did
not survive but it should have never been.
Think, had William Mercer Wilson been alive,
he would have handled it differently, don't
The paper aptly sets out the circumstances
and I trust has whet your appetites for more
information. There may be some details that
Frank has assumed and may not be accurate to
the letter of the law, but I find the supposi-
tions he has made to be reasonable. The
problems of St. John's 20 and 209a give rise
to a whole new paper, ,as would Tilbury, Brock-
ville, Rehoboam Lodge No. 65 and Harmony
EDEN LODGE Page 108
Lodge, Heathcote Lodge, Joppa Lodge and
others of the Grand Lodge of Ontario. What
appeared in our history as a 'difficulty 1
lasting at least 21 years-1875 to 1896, and
maybe through undercurrents, even longer!
Thanks Frank for being kind and generous in
your comments, you could have been cruel and
merciless but time and circumstances have a
healing effect. Thanks also for. shedding fur-
ther light, even in a dark closet, of our his-
Edward S.P. Carson
SECOND REVIEW - was prepared by R.W. Bro.
James J. Talman, Member of The Heritage Lodge.
It is safe to say that we have heard the
final word on Eden Lodge and the ill-conceived
Grand Lodge of Ontario. Frank Standring has
read everything available on the subject. He
raises the question of personalities and here
we are in an area where we shall almost cer-
tainly never have the answers. Apparently
none of the individuals involved left letters
or diaries. Actually not many key people were
involved. If we knew what Francis West lake,
John R. Peel, William H. Street. James Francis
Latimer, and William Weir Fitzgerald had in
mind we should know a great deal more than we
do. Clearly, some of the brethren of the time
thought that London was not ready for two new
lodges and voted accordingly. But in view of
the harsh expressions used we must accept
Brother Standrings opinion that brotherly
love was lacking on all sides. Matters should
never have been allowed to develop as they
EDEN LODGE Page 109
The formation of the Grand lodge of Ontario
must be explained as the product of the frus-
tration of a few individuals and not as a
grass roots movement for change. Brother Sta-
ndring has made a real contribution in showing
the legal status of the Grand Lodge of
Ontario. The individuals involved must have
had strong feelings when they carried their
feelings as far as they did.
Brother Standring also adds greatly to our
knowledge in showing how well the Grand Lodge
of Ontario succeeded. As a member and past
master of The Tuscan Lodge , 195, I have
always thought that Tuscan played a leading
role in "healing" the members of the G.L.O.
who were later accepted into our Grand Lodge.
This paper shows that a great many lodges
played a part. Rehoboam Lodge No. 65 healed
no fewer than thirty-five members of the clan-
destine Grand Lodge. On November 4, 1895, The
Tuscan Lodge received a letter from the
D.D.G.M., R.W. Bro. Rutherford, of Aylmer,
saying that he would like to heal a number of
members of the "so-called Grand Lodge of
Ontario" at the next meeting. The Lodge
granted the request.
On December 2, the D.D.G.M., by the author-
ity of the Grand Master healed Bro. James B.
Hodgins in the first, second and third
degrees. The "number of members" turned out
to be only one. However, he must have been
one of the last members of the Grand Lodge of
Ontario to be accepted in our Grand Lodge.
Indeed, he may have been the last as the date
of the Rehoboam Lodge meeting is not given.
EDEN LODGE Page 110
Frank Standring is to be congratulated on
getting the record down, once and for all.
James J. Talman
R.W. Bro. Frank A. Standring
As a prelude to my comments on the reviews
of my paper by Bros. Carson and Talman, it is,
perhaps, only fitting that I should thank them
both for taking the time to complete the
review and for their many kind remarks.
I note that they both, in general, agree
with the points and suppositions that were put
forward in the paper and as Bro. Talman
states, "It is safe to say that we have heard
the final word on Eden Lodge and the ill-
conceived Grand Lodge of Ontario." Let us
hope he is correct.
Bro. Carson states in his remarks "The
problems of St. John;s 20 and 209a give rise
to a whole new paper" and I must confess the
thought has crossed my mind. Perhaps I might
attempt it in the future.
In conclusion, may I add this final adden-
dum to the paper. During my research, I found
no reference to a "healing" of Francis West-
lake, possibly the prime mover in the events
portrayed. The History of Middlesex County
1889, records that a Francis Westlake was
issued a temperance license in 1856. He was
(continued on page 130)
EDEN LODGE Page 111
A REAL CONCERN*
R. W. Bro. Jack Pos
Since the 'Founder's Meeting', May 18,
1977, no fewer than 40 papers have been pres-
ented by The Heritage Lodge in various Lodge
rooms throughout the Jurisdiction.
The first paper titled "The Old Charges* 1
was presented by R.W. Bro. Wallace E. McLeod.
Reviews of the paper were prepared by V.W.
Bro. J. Lawrence Runnals, W. Bro. Allan J.
Cohoe, and Bro. John E. Taylor. M.W. Bro.
William K. Bailey, in thanking Bro. McLeod,
pointed out to the Brethren that they had been
privileged, in this inaugural paper present-
ation, to have such a firm foundation estab-
lished for future presentations.
In the past several years, this firm foun-
dation is not only being eroded, but in addit-
ion, we appear to be drifting away from the
original "Purpose and Objectives 1 as recorded
in the By-Laws of The Heritage Lodge. To
refresh your memory, allow me to recall two of
the seven from ARTICLE III:
* Paper presented to the Lodge Committee on
General Purposes, August 15, 1990.
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page112
3. To produce Lodge Proceedings, Research
Papers, and Historical Reviews; and to
arrange special lectures and visual pre-
7. To encourage Masonic Scholars and
Lodge Historians to become more inter-
ested in the history of their own Lodge
and its artifacts.
In retrospect, these are 'Motherhood'
statements with which we are not likely to
find much disagreement. Unfortunately, the
majority of masons will assume that, since
they are not Masonic Scholars or Historians,
therefore, they need not be concerned with
their application; after all, when would they
ever be called upon to produce a Research
Paper or prepare a Historical Review. Not a
very inspiring or productive perspective?
Perhaps we made a poor choice of words in
drafting the original 'Objectives'? Surely
each one of us has something of interest
either from personal experience, travels
abroad or information we have read that is of
potential interest to a brother mason?
Perhaps the real question should be, not
'Can I' , but 'How can I'? The answer for which
can be found in the Lodge Proceedings 1983-84,
Vol. #7, pgs 4-19, in a paper titled "Pre-
paring a Paper for Presentation in The Heri-
tage Lodge" by R.W. Bro. W.E. McLeod. Not only
does Bro. McLeod demonstrate a simple, sys-
tematic and convenient procedure, but he
presents valid arguments to encourage the
novice or inexperienced writer to get
involved in masonic research.
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page113
However our real concern, at the present
time, is the potential erosion of our •firm
foundation 1 . Hard copy papers are not always
being produced, several of our more recent
presentations are nothing more than 'talks in
the lodge 1 , and these are frequently without
notes. Transcriptions of these talks are
extremely laborious and not always accurate.
The documented review process is scuttled,
and while the informal discussions which
follow may be of interest to those in attend-
ance, the much larger reading audience is
deprived of the information. If something is
not done to reverse the trend toward the
erosion of our fundamental purpose and the
enlightenment of those members who are not
always able to be present at our meetings,
then the lodge can expect an increasing number
of resignations from more and more dis-
Perhaps a review of the normal procedure is
in order to investigate the possibilities of
certain problems that relate to the tradi-
tional system and which may reveal solutions
The following is a brief outline of the
required procedure, when someone has volun-
teered to present a paper at a regular meeting
of The Heritage Lodge. The procedure is simi-
lar to that required by other Research Lodges
such as Quatuor Coronati Lodge No. 2076,
London, England; The Lodge of Research No.
2429, Leicester, England; Masters' and Past
Masters' Lodge No. 130, Christchurch, New
Zealand; and The Western Australian Lodge of
Research No. 277, Perth, Australia.
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd PagelU
The Heritage Lodge Committee on » Masonic
Information 1 , is charged with the responsibi-
lity of obtaining speakers as indicated in the
"ARTICLE VIII - DUTIES OF COMMITTEES
5. The Committee on Masonic Information
shall be guided by the first three objec-
tives (ARTICLE III) established by the
Lodge. The Members of the Committee shall
be responsible for planning the non-busi-
ness portion of all Regular Meetings of
the Lodge at least one year in advance
and preferably two years in advance on a
continuing basis. They shall also be
responsible, with the approval and as-
sistance of the Worshipful Master and
Secretary, for planning the details of
Lodge Visitations and working together
with the Committees on Visitation & Tran-
sportation" (These two committees are no
longer operational) .
When the acceptance of the proposed paper,
and the date of presentation has been conf-
irmed, the author is required to submit to the
Committee on Masonic Information, a hard copy
of the final paper at least 13 weeks before
the date of presentation in order to comply
with the following schedule of events. The
schedule is based on the assumption that mail
can be delivered between correspondents
within 7 days.
ASSUMED SCHEDULE OF EVENTS
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page115
Week No . 1 ,
Weeks 2 & 3,
Week No. 10 ,
Paper sent by the Author to
the Committee on Masonic In-
formation (herein referred to
as the f Committee ' ) .
Committee makes copies of the
paper, and sends a copy to
each reviewer. Reviewers (no
fewer than two) should have
been contacted and confirmed
when the paper was first com-
mitted. A copy of the paper
is also sent to the Editor of
the Lodge Proceedings.
Review papers and mail
reviews to the Committee.
Committee receives and
assembles all reviews, makes
copies and sends a complete
set to the Author and the
Author has 2 weeks before the
date of presentation in the
Lodge to read the reviews and
prepare a written rebuttal to
be presented in the Lodge.
For a typical year in The Heritage Lodge,
where normally three papers with reviews are
presented annually (September, March and
May) , the time for receipt of papers by the
Lodge Committee on Masonic Information should
be as follows:
For September meeting, Author sends draft
of his paper by the fourth week in June.
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd
For March meeting, Author sends draft of
his paper by the third week in December.
For May meeting, Author sends draft of his
paper by the third week in February.
The above schedule of events is based on the
minimum allowable time and does not provide
for delays in mail delivery, sickness, holi-
days or other extenuating circumstances. If
postal strikes are eminent, then delivery may
have to be by courier or in person, in which
case some time may be reduced; but only allow-
ing 3 weeks for volunteers to prepare a review
may not be sufficient.
Of course the above schedule commences
after the author has prepared his paper, which
can easily take from 6 to 12 months, hence the
necessity for 1 to 2 years advance planning.
Perhaps a combined meeting of the various
Committees and people involved with this very
important part of the Lodge activities should
be convened to draft a suitable schedule of
events that will be mutually beneficial to
everyone, including the listening and reading
audience as well as those concerned with the
publication of the Lodge Proceedings; or a
Special Meeting of the Committee of General
Also, a small package should be developed
consisting of instructions to the Author as to
paper format (headings, margins, footnotes,
referencing, bibliographies, etc.) , sample or
recent copy of Lodge Proceedings (if author is
not a member of The Heritage Lodge) , and a
time schedule of events. This information
should be sent (possibly by the Editor) to the
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page 11 7
Author as soon as the title and date of his
presentation has been confirmed. The covering
letter should express the appreciation of the
Lodge to the Author for his kindness and
willingness to prepare and present a paper for
the Lodge; and also to offer any assistance
the Author may require in researching infor-
mation for his subject.
Another matter of concern relates to the
current lack of activity in addressing items
4, 6 and 7 of the Lodge Objectives as recorded
in the 'Preface 1 of the Lodge By-Laws:
"4. To organize and maintain a 'Central
Inventory 1 of items of historical inter-
est in the possession of Lodges.
6. To endeavour to establish a 'Masonic
7 . To encourage Masonic Scholars and
Lodge Historians to become more inter-
ested in the history of their own Lodges
and their artifacts."
Since this constituted more than 42% of the
Lodge Objectives, two Standing Committees
were formed and their terms of reference, as
well as their composition, established (see
Lodge By-Laws, ARTICLE VII, Sections 5 and 6)
to address these issues namely: the committee
on the 'CENTRAL DATA BANK' , and the committee
on the 'MASONIC MUSEUM'.
One of the earlier Chairmen of the commit-
tee on the Central Data Bank, R.W. Bro. Bal-
four LeGresley, started a procedure for cata-
loguing known masonic artifacts (in many
cases he personally visited Lodges throughout
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page118
the jurisdiction to photograph items of his-
torical interest) . Brother LeGresley also
encouraged many of these Lodges to refurbish
the article and put it on prominent display in
their lodge building.
In another instance, Bro. LeGresley was
instrumental in not only researching the
information of a historical gavel used in a
German prisoner of war camp, but also having
four replicas made; three for use by the three
principal officers of University Lodge, and
the fourth, suitably mounted, for the
archives of The Heritage Lodge. In recent
years, the lodge has not received any reports
of the activities of this committee.
When The Heritage Lodge was first formed in
1977, much activity centred around the possi-
bility of purchasing the residence of our
First Grand Master in the Town of Simcoe. The
plan was to refurbish the present commercial-
ized building (located just across Norfolk
Street from the Norfolk County Museum) into a
Masonic Museum, and to recreate a typical
lodge meeting room for use by visiting lodges
for historical meetings; and to provide resi-
dence accommodation for the 'Curator 1 in one
of the four commercial apartments.
However, because of limited finances at the
time, and the urgency of the project in the
Black Creek Pioneer Village, the establish-
ment of a masonic museum was put on hold for
the time being. The outgrowth of Black Creek
Pioneer Village Project was the establishment
of a Special Committee "Black Creek Masonic
Heritage Committee 1 . Their function was to be
restricted to the operation and maintenance
of the Lodge Room and the maintenance only of
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page119
the Vault in conjunction with the M.T. &
R.C.A., and that the use of the Vault be
assigned to an appropriate Heritage Lodge
The committee on the 'Masonic Museum 1 was
apparently discontinued in 1984; or at least
there has not been a chairman appointed since
Early this year, R.W. Bro. Ed Ralph, pres-
ented a six page report titled 'Display &
Storage of Masonic Artifacts (Proposals for a
Masonic Museum) , to the Committee of General
Purposes. One of the recommendations dealt
with the concrete basement vault at the Black
Creek Pioneer Village and stated "Sell the
facility back to the Black Creek Pioneer
Village and start over again looking for a
more appropriate place to meet our needs".
A number of alternatives were proposed
under the following headings:
1. William Mercer Wilson Museum
2 . City of Hamilton Museum
3 . City of Toronto Museum
4. Wellington District Museum
5. Hamilton Masonic Memorial Building
Perhaps a review of the responsibilities
and the composition of a number of Standing
Committees will reveal duplication of work
and the need for consolidation of effort. A
suggestion would be the amalgamation of the
two committees into a single committee deal-
ing with the establishment of a Masonic Museum
and the acquisition, cataloguing, display and
storage of masonic artifacts including books,
manuscripts, and other historical records.
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page120
Members of the committee should include the
Archivist, Librarian, Curator, Historian and
several members at large. This could elimin-
ate the need for individual reports from at
least 4 lodge officers, as they would be
combined with the Committee Report.
There is an apparent conflict or break down
in communications between the structured
organization of a craft lodge or, for our
purposes, the regular officers of the lodge,
and the various organized working groups
(Standing and Special Committees) under the
committee of General Purposes.
The former, under normal circumstances, is
the major working force of the Craft Lodge,
and their main purpose (apart from charit-
able, social, and educational activities) is
the conferring of degrees and the administra-
tion associated therewith. The non-business
portion, not including degree work, is
usually of minor importance, and therefore
the officers of a regular lodge have a major
responsibility in the planning and operation
of lodge activities. As a consequence, the
Worshipful Master with the assistance of the
officers must assume a great deal of respon-
sibility in planning and conducting the acti-
vities for the year.
Historical or Research Lodges, on the other
hand, have a reverse situation. In this
instance, the Officers of the lodge and the
system of progression of office, provide the
organizational structure and measure of
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page121
continuity to provide the framework for lon-
gevity (history has demonstrated that many
research lodges or similar fellowship clubs
have ceased to exist when the founding members
were no longer able to be active) . Those
activities, which do not include the confer-
ring of degrees, and which are referred to as
the non-business portion of the lodge meeti-
ng, constitute the major activity of The
Heritage Lodge. Most of these activities
overlap, by several years, the term of office
of the lodge officers; and therefore a more
long-term administrative procedure is
required, which should not be affected by the
annual change of lodge officers.
Currently, periodical reports and recom-
mendations dealing with both long-term and
short-term projects are presented and dis-
cussed at the General Purpose Committee meet-
ings. The recommendations are summarized and
presented by the Chairman of the Committee to
the members of the Lodge at the next Regular
Meeting of the Lodge for action. Presumably,
action is followed up by the Worshipful Mast-
er, and herein lies the problem or breakdown
in the implementation of those recommenda-
tions contained in the report of the Committee
of General Purposes.
Frequently, the Worshipful Master is
required to initiate or appoint someone to
implement the recommendations proposed at a
regular lodge meeting. Very often this action
is delayed and sometimes forgotten for lack of
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page122
The objective in having the Chairman of the
Committee of General Purposes prepare and
present a single report, is to save time at
the regular lodge meeting; the Chairman also
makes the motion, with a pre-arranged
seconder, to instruct the Treasurer to pay all
approved outstanding accounts. In a similar
manner, all recommendations proposed by the
Committee should be summarized for presenta-
tion and approval in open lodge. Parallel
motions should be prepared beforehand; such
motions, where required, should include the
names of persons recommended by the Committee
of General Purposes and who have accepted the
responsibility of the assignment. A proposed
time frame should be stipulated for various
phases of the project.
These recommendations, or proposed improve-
ments in procedure, should not only reduce
the time taken during the regular meeting of
the Lodge, but will place more responsibility
on the Committee of General Purposes and the
Standing and Special Committees, and insure
that action can be implemented without delay.
J. Pos, Aug. 10, 1990
MASONIC PAPERS cont'd Page123
OUR DEPARTED BRETHREN
The following names of deceased members
of The Heritage Lodge No. 730, G.R.C., have
come to our attention during the past year.
In a number of cases, the specific date of
passing was not known.
V.W.Bro. Norman Campbell Gourlie
Tuscan Lodge No. 541
Died in 1989 (no date given)
W. Bro. Buddington Hubbard
Mimosa Lodge No. 576
(no date of death given)
W. Bro. Robert Denzy Jones
Eureke Lodge No. 283
Died May 1988 (Advised March 1990)
W. Bro. Francis James Mellville Major
Huron-Bruce Lodge No. 611
Died May 12, 1990
V.W. Bro. David M. McAteet
Seven Star Lodge No. 285
Died December 4, 1989
IN MEMORIUM Page124
R. W. Bro. William James Searson
Ayr Lodge No. 172
Died November 25, 1989
V.W. Bro. Joseph Harry Ashmore White
Zeta Lodge No. 410
Died May 15, 1990
V.W. Bro. Peter Worthington
Ozias Lodge No. 508
Died November 20, 1989
"They are not dead who live in lives they leave behind;
In those whom they have blessed, they live again,
And shall live through the years
Eternal life, and grow each day more beautiful
As time declares their good,
Forgets the rest, and proves their immortality."
T. Ray Powell
IN MEMORIUM Page 125
Each man should have an anchor
A guidepost in his life.
To shield him from temptations
In a world of greed and strife.
He needs someone to share each day
Who has time to give a smile.
If we stop and think, its little things
That help make life worthwhile.
To see a little child asleep
Entrusted with his care.
T'is one of precious moments
He needs someone to share.
His home life is established
T'is time to look around.
Time to help his fellow man
Time to break new ground.
T'is time to look for open doors
Where friendship he will find.
Where men will feel a common bond
And respect for all mankind.
As years go by more steps he'll take
More doors will open wide.
His friends are spread across the land
He takes it all in stride.
AN ANCHOR... Page126
Let this friendship be an anchor
That he can lean upon.
He sees himself as growing old
This friendship carries on.
Good men will ne'er forsake him
Because his hair is grey.
He has those precious memories
No one can take away.
He can try to build a better world
As young men carry on.
Let this friendship be an anchor
That they can lean upon.
January 28, 1990
W. Bro. Winters is a Past Master of Scott Lodge No. 421
G.R.C., Grand Valley, Ontario.
AN ANCHOR... Page127
GRAND LODGE OFFICERS (1989-90)
The Most Worshipful The Grand Master
M.W. Bro. David C. Bradley
81 Hillsdale Ave. W. ,
Toronto, Ontario, M5P 1G2
The Deputy Grand Master
R.W. Bro. Norman E. Byrne
166 John Street South,
Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 2C4
The Grand Secretary
M.W. Bro. Robert E. Davies
P.O. Box 217,
Hamilton, Ontario, L8N 3C9
THE HERITAGE LODGE OFFICERS (1989-1990)
W. M. , V.W. Bro. Donald B. Kaufman
I. P. M. , R.W. Bro. Edmund V. Ralph
S. W. , R.W. Bro. Wlifred T. Greenhough
J. W. , R.W. Bro. Frank G. Dunn
Chaplain, R.W. Bro. Rev. R. Cerwyn Davies
Treasurer, R.W. Bro. Duncan J. McFadgen
Secretary, R.W. Bro. Rev. W. Gray Rivers
S. D. ,
J. D. ,
D. of C. ,
I. G. ,
S. S. ,
J • S • ,
Sec'y, V.W. Bro. George
Bro. Stephen H. Maizels
W. Bro. David Fletcher
R.W. Bro. Edsel C. Steen
Bro. Kenneth L. Whiting
W. Bro. Thomas Crowley
R.W. Bro. Larry J. Hostine
R.W. Bro. Leonard R. Hertel
R.W. Bro. Fred R. Branscombe
R.W. Bro. John M. Boersma
OFFICERS, CHAIRMEN, etc.
CHAIRMEN- LODGE COMMITTEES (1989-1990)
Masonic Info. ,
W. Bro. Glenson T. Jones
R.W. Bro. Jacob (Jack) Pos
R.W. Bro. C. Edwin Drew
W. Bro. Harold Smith
R.W. Bro. John Storey
Bro. Basil Liaskas
Finance & By-Laws, W. Bro. Donald Thornton
Membership, R.W. Bro. John M. Boersma
Blk. Cr. Heritage, V.W. Bro. Allan D. Hogg
Publications, R.W. Bro. Balfour LeGresley
Special Events, R.W. Bro. Kenneth Whiting
Liaskas Paintings, R.W. Bro. Frank G. Dunn
Auditors: R.W. Bro. Kenneth Bartlett
R.W. Bro. James Curtis
The Heritage Corporation
R.W. Bro. Jacob (Jack) Pos
R.W. Bro. Jacob (Jack) Pos
R.W. Bro. Keith R. Flynn
R.W. Bro. Donald Grinton
M.W. Bro. Ronald E. Groshaw
V.W. Bro. George E. Zwicker
R.W. Bro. Balfour LeGresley
M.W. Bro. David C. Bradley
R.W. Bro. C. Edwin Drew
R.W. Bro. Robert S. Throop
W. Bro. Albert A. Barker
R.W. Bro. Edsel C. Steen
R.W. Bro. Edmund V. Ralph
OFFICERS, CHAIRMEN, etc....
(continued from page 111)
District Deputy Grand Master for the London
District on two separate occasions, 1866 and
1872. The Grand Lodge of Canada proceedings
covering the funeral of the late Grand Master
William Mercer Wilson also records Francis
Westlake as one of the pallbearers.
V. Wor. Bro. Tom Johnson was able to ascer-
tain that on his death Francis Westlake was
buried in St. Paul's churchyard in London, and
after the property was sold for development,
the grave along with others was moved. He is
not certain of the present site, but in view
of the connection of St. Paul's cathedral with
Woodland cemetery, possibly that may be the
I would be remiss if I did not, at this
time, take the opportunity of personally
thanking the two London District Deputy Grand
Masters, R.Wor. Bros. Ford and Marner, for so
actively promoting this meeting during their
official visits and their districts for host-
Frank A. Standring
eden lodge Page 1 30